Decentralization and Biodiversity Conservation
Ernst Lutz, Julian Oliver Caldecott
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1996 - Business & Economics - 176 pages
The global phenomenon of school decentralization is a highly political process. It involves substantial shifts in power, affecting the influence and livelihood of groups such as teachers and their unions. School systems are also vehicles for enhancing political influence and carrying out the programs and objectives of those in power. This report identifies the political dimensions of school decentralization and discusses the methods and problems of building a broad public consensus to support it. Country case studies and examples of best practices are provided.
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activities administration agement agencies agricultural allocated Annapurna Conservation Area authorities benefit biodiversity conservation buffer zone CAMPFIRE central government Chitwan Colombia committees communities conflict Conservation Area Costa Rica councils created decentralization decisionmaking DENR district DNPWM ecodevelopment ecological economic ecosystems effective Environment environmental example federal forest reserves Forestry Department Fund for Nature global groups Guanacaste Conservation Area habitat conservation implemented INBio incentives Indonesia institutions involved Jakarta Julian Caldecott Kenya Kenya Wildlife Service LGAS LGUS ment Ministry national parks natural resources nature reserves needs Nepal NGOS Nigeria NIPAS Okomu park management Parks and Wildlife participation percent Philippines population problems promote protected areas regional resource management revenue role rural development Russian sector servation SINAC species square kilometers strategy studies sustainable tenure tion tional tourism Tourism in Nepal village World Bank World Wide Fund Yes Yes Yes zapovedniki Zimbabwe
Page 34 - Government shall have the power to take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing, controlling and abating environmental pollution.
Page 16 - Ley 99 del 22 de diciembre de 1993, por la cual se crea el Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, se reordena el sector público encargado de la gestión y conservación del medio ambiente y los recursos naturales renovables, se organiza el Sistema Nacional Ambiental, (SINA) y se dictan otras disposiciones, también para el manejo y cuidado de los atractivos recreativos naturales.
Page 75 - Natural resource management for sustainable development: A study of feasible policies, institutions, and investment activities in Nepal with special emphasis on the hills.
Page 76 - Role of Nepal's Royal Chitwan National Park in meeting the grazing and fodder needs of local people.
Page 121 - Pryde, Philip R. 1991. Environmental Management in the Soviet Union. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Page 75 - University of Arizona Press. Dixon, JA, and PB Sherman. 1990. Economics of Protected Areas: A New Look at Benefits and Costs. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Page 89 - The Status of Wildlife in Bendel State, Nigeria, with Recommendations for Its Conservation. Report to the Bendel State Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. New York: New York Zoological Society; Washington, DC: World Wide Fund for Nature. Areola, O. 1987. 'The Political Reality of Conservation in Nigeria.
Page 178 - TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, JAMAICA Systematics Studies Unit #9 Watts Street Curepe Trinidad, West Indies Tel: 809-662-5654 Fax: 809-662-5654 UGANDA Gustro Ltd. Madhvani Building PO Box 9997 Plot 1 6/4 JinjaRd. Kampala Tel/Fax: (41) 254763 UNITED KINGDOM Microinfo Ltd. PO Box 3 Alton, Hampshire GU34 2PG England Tel: (1420) 86848 Fax: (1420)89889 ZAMBIA University Bookshop Great East Road Campus PO Box 32379 Lusaka Tel: (1)213221 Ext.
Page 159 - ... Observations The diverse experiences reported in the country studies and project analyses show that decentralization and conservation are complex processes that interact with one another in many ways. From the historical reviews, we can conclude that centralized, top-down conservation has seldom been effective except where large budgets are available for enforcement and the society concerned is willing to accept a rather undemocratic conservation process. Looking at the more recent experience...