Decision and control: the meaning of operational research and management cybernetics
The nature of operational research. An initial posture. On fixing belief. Some dangerous precedents. The wedger bear. The new look. The activity of operational research. About models. Models in aspic. The formal languages. A walk in the ramified system; Apollo's gift. The relevance of cybernetics. About systems. Coping with complexity. Controlling operations. Self-organizing systems. Controlling enterprises. Outcomes. The outcome for industry. Information and automation. The outcome for government. The outcome for management science. On practicability.
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An Initial Posture
On Fixing Belief
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activity actual answer argument automation behaviour black box brain chapter complete concept conceptual model concerned considered control system cost course cybernetic cybernetician decision decision theory decision-taking demand depth charge diagram difficulty discussed enterprise entropy example existing experience fact feedback Figure firm forecast formal formal languages given happens homeostasis homeostat homomorphic industrial input interaction kind language large number linear programming logical machine managerial mapping mathematical matter means measure mechanism ment metalanguage method nature no-one notion operational research optimal organization outcome output particular pattern phase space possible practice precisely predictive probabilism probability problem production question real-life reason relevant requisite variety responsible scientific model scientist self-organizing self-organizing system servomechanics solution specified statistical stochastic stochastic network structure sub-system techniques theory things thinking thought block tion variables viable systems whole world situation