Deep River: Music and Memory in Harlem Renaissance Thought
“The American Negro,” Arthur Schomburg wrote in 1925, “must remake his past in order to make his future.” Many Harlem Renaissance figures agreed that reframing the black folk inheritance could play a major role in imagining a new future of racial equality and artistic freedom. In Deep River Paul Allen Anderson focuses on the role of African American folk music in the Renaissance aesthetic and in political debates about racial performance, social memory, and national identity.
Deep River elucidates how spirituals, African American concert music, the blues, and jazz became symbolic sites of social memory and anticipation during the Harlem Renaissance. Anderson traces the roots of this period’s debates about music to the American and European tours of the Fisk Jubilee Singers in the 1870s and to W. E. B. Du Bois’s influential writings at the turn of the century about folk culture and its bearing on racial progress and national identity. He details how musical idioms spoke to contrasting visions of New Negro art, folk authenticity, and modernist cosmopolitanism in the works of Du Bois, Alain Locke, Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, Sterling Brown, Roland Hayes, Paul Robeson, Carl Van Vechten, and others. In addition to revisiting the place of music in the culture wars of the 1920s, Deep River provides fresh perspectives on the aesthetics of race and the politics of music in Popular Front and Swing Era music criticism, African American critical theory, and contemporary musicology.
Deep River offers a sophisticated historical account of American racial ideologies and their function in music criticism and modernist thought. It will interest general readers as well as students of African American studies, American studies, intellectual history, musicology, and literature.
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aesthetic African American music Alain Locke argued audience authenticity beauty black cultural Black Music blues Bois’s Brown Cane Carl Van Vechten classical concert music concert spirituals contrast cosmopolitan critique dance dialectical diVerent Dodge’s double-consciousness Duke Ellington elite essay European eVects eVorts expression ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst Fisk Jubilee Singers folk music formal music forms Goodman Harlem Renaissance Hayes’s hot jazz Hughes’s hybridization Ibid ideal idioms improvisation inﬂuence inheritance intellectual interpretation Jazz Age jazz criticism jazz music John Hammond Kallen Langston Hughes Locke’s modern modernist musicians nationalism nationalist Negro art Negro music Negro Spirituals Neo-Spirituals Oceola ofthe Pater performance pluralism political popular music race racism reﬁned reﬁnement reﬂected rhythm Robeson Roger Pryor Dodge Roland Hayes self-consciousness singing social memory sorrow songs Souls of Black speciﬁc Spirituals to Swing style sublimation symphonic jazz tion Toomer tradition University Press urban vernacular vision W.E.B. Du Bois Whiteman wrote York Zora Neale Hurston