Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication
In this pioneering book Katarzyna Jaszczolt lays down the foundations of an original theory of meaning in discourse, reveals the cognitive foundations of discourse interpretation, and puts forward a new basis for the analysis of discourse processing. She provides a step-by-step introduction to the theory and its application, and explains new terms and formalisms as required. Dr. Jaszczolt unites the precision of truth-conditional, dynamic approaches with insights from neo-Gricean pragmatics into the role of speaker's intentions in communication. She shows that the compositionality of meaning may be understood as merger representations combining information from various sources including word meaning and sentence structure, various kinds of default interpretations, and conscious pragmatic inference.
Among the applications the author discusses are constructions that pose problems in semantic analysis such as referring expressions, propositional attitude constructions, presupposition, modality, numerals, and sentential connectives. She proposes solutions to cutting edge problems in the semantics/pragmatics interface - for example, how many levels of meaning should be distinguished; the status of underspecification; how much contextual information should be placed in the representation of the speaker's meaning; whether there are default interpretations; the stage of utterance interpretation at which pragmatic inference begins; and whether compositionality is a necessary feature of the theory of meaning and if so how it is to be defined.
The book is for students and researchers in semantics, pragmatics, computational linguistics, and philosophy of language at advanced undergraduate level and above.
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acts of communication ambiguity anaphoric argument Asher and Lascarides B-theory belief reports best architect capture Carston Chapter cognitive defaults compositional compositionality concept conscious pragmatic context contribute default interpretations default meanings Default Semantics degree deWned deWnite descriptions discourse interpretation discourse referent Discourse Representation Theory discussed diVerent DRSs dynamic semantics Eijck and Kamp epistemic eVect exactly example formal GCIs Grice’s Gricean implicature intentionality intuitively Jaszczolt Levinson linguistic logical form meaning information mental merger representations modality natural language negation number terms operator Oscar and Lucinda output Peter Carey post-Gricean pragmatic inference predicate predicate logic presupposition principle proposed propositional attitude quantiWer reading Recanati referential intention relevant reXect salient Sandt Section semantic representation semantic theory sense sentential connectives social–cultural defaults sources of meaning speaker speciWc syntactic syntax temporal tense tion truth conditions types underdetermination underspeciWed utterance interpretation utterance processing variadic function words Wrst