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Deficiency and Delinquency: An Interpretation of Mental Testing (Classic ...
James Burt Miner
No preview available - 2015
adults average basis Binet scale Binet tests child coefficient compared convicted correlation County crime criminal curve deficient delinquent delinquent boys detention home diagnosis different ages estimate evidence examined factors feeble feeble-minded ficiency form of distribution frequency of deficiency girls Glen Lake Goddard grade groups of delinquents Hennepin County II.O indicate individuals Industrial School inmates institutions intellectual deficiency intelligence intelligence quotient isolation Juvenile Court juvenile delinquents life-age linquent lowest mature measured median mental ability mental age mental development mental tests mentally defective Minneapolis morons normal children normal distribution norms offenders passable Pearson percentage method Petit larceny physical units Point Scale population presumably deficient problem pupils quartile question quotient recidivism Reformatory relative retardation in school school children school position school retardation score shows significance skewed social special classes standard deviation Stanford scale tendency Test-Age tested deficiency tested XI Thorn Hill tion Truancy uncertain
Page 10 - One who is capable of earning a living under favorable circumstances, but is incapable, from mental defect existing from birth, or from an early age, (a) of competing on equal terms with his normal fellows; or, (b) of managing himself and his affairs with ordinary prudence.
Page 19 - Moral imbeciles; that is to say, persons who from an early age display some permanent mental defect coupled with strong vicious or criminal propensities, on which punishment has had little or no deterrent effect.
Page 78 - Mental Defectives, by Martin W. Barr, MD, p. 101. i Mental Defectives, by Martin W. Barr, MD, p. 133. ' The Burden of Feeble-mindedness, by Amos W. Butler. minded " over 50 per cent, of the adults of the higher grade who have been under training from childhood are capable, under intelligent supervision, of doing a sufficient amount of work to pay for the actual cost of their support, whether in an institution or at home.
Page 175 - WHEREAS, Psychological diagnosis requires thorough technical training in all phases of mental testing, thorough acquaintance with the facts of mental development and with...
Page 114 - All who test below .70 IQ by the Stanford revision of the Binet-Simon scale should be considered feeble-minded, and it is an open question whether it would not be justifiable to consider .75 as the lower limit of 'normal
Page 83 - Native intelligence, in so far as it can be measured by tests now available, appears to improve but little after the age of 15 or 16 years. It follows that in calculating the IQ of an adult subject, it will be necessary to disregard the years he has lived beyond the point where intelligence attains its final development. Although the location of this point is not exactly known, it will be sufficiently accurate for our purpose to assume its location at 16 years.
Page 227 - Our second conclusion, then, is this : that, relatively to its origin in the constitution of the malefactor, and especially in his mentally defective constitution, crime is only to a trifling extent (if to any) the product of social inequalities, of adverse environment, or of other manifestations of what may be comprehensively termed the force of circumstances.
Page 129 - These three groups represent the young girls who have just begun prostitution, the women plying their trade on the streets at the present time and the women who are old offenders. The houses of prostitution, lodging houses, hotels and cafes named by these women as the places where they plied their trade are the same as those noted by the field investigators employed by the commission.
Page 213 - Blackmail 14.3 Fraud 12.8 Stealing (and poaching) 11.2 Burglary 10.0 Murder and murderous intent 9.5 Rape (adult) 6.7 Receiving 5.1 Manslaughter 5.0 Coining 3.3 Wounding, intent to wound, striking superior officer 2.9 Embezzlement, forgery, fraudulence as trustee, bigamy, performing illegal surgical operation 0.0 What is the relation of the problem of the feeble-minded to these social problems? Cause and effect, once more. Dr. Fernald says, and we all agree, that every feeble-minded person is a potential...