Defining Islam for the Egyptian State: Muftis and Fatwas of the Dār Al-Iftā

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This book traces the history of the D?r al-Ift?, the Egyptian State Mufti's administration, from its inception in the 1890s to the present. Often uncomfortably positioned between a state bureaucracy and an emerging Muslim public concerned with the transmission of Islamic values, the various State Muftis have been striving to reinterpret Islamic law and demonstrate its relevance in the modern age. The history of the D?r al-Ift? thus provides a rare insight into major themes of 20th-century Islamic thinking. Four case studies demonstrate how fatwas can be used as sources for legal, social, intellectual and mentality history. "Defining Islam for the Egyptian State" will be of great interest to students of Islamic law and social and intellectual history of the modern Middle East.
 

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Contents

19th CENTURY PoliticAL
36
AlAzhar and Islamic Higher Education in
44
19th Century Legal History
56
Late 19th Century Developments in Islamic Legal
65
Summary
77
THE FORMATION OF THE DAR ALIFTA 18951928
100
New Fatwa Bodies Inside and Outside alAzhar
146
The Revolution and Reform at alAzhar
182
Tantwſ and Jādd alHaqq
287
The Revival of the Dr alIfta
290
THE FATWA ON SAVINGs CERTIFICATEs
295
NEVER CHANGE YOUR SEx IN CAIRO
319
RELIGION AND RISK FATWAs on INSURANCE
335
The Insurance Industry in Egypt
337
Muslim Ulam for and against Insurance
343
Fatwas on Insurance from the Dr alIfta
356

Legal Developments
199
JADD ALHAQQ 19781982 227 1 Jādd alHaqq Alī Jādd alHaqq
227
The Dr alIfta administration and the publication of the alFatāwā alIslāmiya
241
Abd alLatif Hamza and Muhammad Mujāhid
245
DK THE DAR ALIFTA ToDAY SAYYID TANTAwi 1986
251
Tantawi at Work
255
The Mufti and the New Moon
270
Tantawis iſld
279
The Debate about the Dr alIfta
281
The Impact of Insurance
362
CoNCLUSION
374
APPendix
387
B The Dr alIfta Records
389
Fatwas on Insurance
395
Glossary
398
Bibliography
401
Index
413
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen is Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies at the Carsten Niebuhr Institute, The University of Copenhagen.

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