Defining Jamaican Fiction: Marronage and the Discourse of Survival
Marronage - the process of flight by slaves from servitude to establish their own hegemonies in inhospitable or wild territories - had its beginnings in the early 1500s in Hispaniola, the first European settlement in the New World. As fictional personae the maroons continue to weave in and out of oral and literary tales as central and ancient characters of Jamaica's heritage. Attributes of the maroon character surface in other character types that crowd Jamaica's literary history - resentful strangers, travelers, and fugitives; desperate misfits and strays; recluses, rejects, wild men, and outcasts; and rebels in physical and psychological wildernesses. Defining Jamaican Fiction identifies the place of Jamaican fiction in the larger regional literature and focuses on its essential themes and strategies of discourse for conveying these themes.
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The Jamaican Outsider in the Caribbean Canon
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alienation Aloysius Aloysius's Annancy Antoinette Antoinette's Britain British Brodber's Busha's Caribbean literature characters civilization colonial consciousness constrained context contrast conveys Creole crucial culture defines deixis diglossia dimensions distance distinct Eliza's epistemes Eurocentric experience exploitation feminine Gikandi Hamel Hearne highlights Hogarth human ideological imperial intertextuality island isolation Jacko Jamaican Creole Jamaican fiction Jamaican literature Jamaican setting Jane Eyre Jean Rhys King Lear kumbla language linguistic literary discourse logical Lunatic madness Marly Maroon marronage meaning metaphor mind mother Myal narrative narrator nineteenth-century norms novel Obeah obeahman old negar outcast Painted Canoe past perspective physical postcolonial protagonist psychological reader relationship resistance Rhys romantic romanticism semantic semantic drift semantic field sense separation shifts slaves social society spatial speaker speech Standard English stereotypes structure Sure Salvation theme tion traditional truth values violence vision voice Wide Sargasso Sea wilderness Winkler woman writer Zachariah