Defining and Selecting Key Competencies
Dominique Simone Rychen, Laura Hersh Salganik
Hogrefe & Huber, 2001 - Philosophy - 251 pages
What skills and competencies are needed for individuals to lead a successful and responsible life, both in the workplace and in other social environments, and for society to face the challenges of the present and future? What are the foundations (normative, theoretical, and conceptual) for defining and selecting a limited set of key competencies? These are among the important questions, of considerable relevance for fields such as education and training, employment, social affairs and welfare, health, and justice, that provided the starting point for an international and interdisciplinary endeavor carried out by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office and the National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education under the auspices of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The current volume, which has resulted from this work, compiles essays from renowned scholars who explore these questions from multiple perspectives (anthropology, economics, history, philosophy, psychology, and sociology), along with commentaries from leading representatives of policy and practice who provide an important complement to the reflection on key competencies. This volume thus presents a multifaceted sketch of issues related to defining and selecting key competencies in an open, still ongoing debate at national and international levels.
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ability action actors adult approach assessment autonomy basic behavior bell curve capacity Chapter cognitive science cognitive skills compe competen concept of competence context countries critical cultural defining and selecting democratic societies DeSeCo Project Dominique Simone economic emotion emotional intelligence employers epistemology example firms framework function goals groups identify implies important individual intelligence interaction involved knowledge labor market learning literacy living measures MEDEF mental complexity metacognitive metacompetence metaknowledge moral motivational nomic normative competencies OECD one's organization outcomes Perrenoud perspective petencies Philippe Perrenoud PISA political practical problem problem-solving psychological question reflect relevant responsible Robert Kegan role selecting key competencies self-concept self-regulated learning signaling theory situation social fields specific strategies studies successful tasks tencies tests theoretical theory tion UNESCO University Press values Virtue ethics wage Weinert workers