Definite NP anaphora: a pragmatic approach
In this book Professor Westergaard offers an alternative to the purely syntactic analysis of deinite nominal phrase anaphora. She calls on the well-known principle of functional sentence perspective, advanced by the Prague school of linguistics, to suggest a pragmatic approach to the coreference options of pronouns and full nominal phrases. According to her analysis, the anaphora rule should itself be considered a pragmatic principle, which bascially ensures that a pronoun may not be more thematic than the full nominal phrase from which it picks up its reference.
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PROBLEMS WITH A PURELY
A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF ANAPHORA
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acceptable actor in Peter's analysis of anaphora anaphora rule antecedent approach to anaphora aspects c-command domain claim clause coindexed context convey given information corefer coreference options coreferential deep structure definite NP anaphora definition of c-command difference disturb Peter element embedded example fact Firbas focus following sentences formulated full NP Government and Binding interpreted kissed Leslie Kuno linear order linguistic node notion of c-command noun options of NPs Peter was unpopular Peter's home town Peter's picture phenomenon phrase structure rules postulate pragmatic precede-and-command preposed PPs present theory previous discourse principle problem pronouns and full purely syntactic approach reference Reinhart's analysis relations restriction scalar system sentence elements speakers Standard Theory stress Subjacency subject/non-subject asymmetry Super-principle surface structure syntactic analysis syntactic tree syntacticians syntax tence thematic theme/rheme thesis tion transformation transformational grammar transformational-generative grammar unacceptable with coreference underlying structure ungrammatical unmarked theme unpopular didn't disturb verb phrasal PPs
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