Degraded Forests in Eastern Africa: Management and Restoration

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Frans Bongers, Timm Tennigkeit
Earthscan, Sep 23, 2010 - Nature - 384 pages
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Forest degradation as a result of logging, shifting cultivation, agriculture and urban development is a major issue throughout the tropics. It leads to loss in soil fertility, water resources and biodiversity, as well as contributes to climate change. Efforts are therefore required to try to minimize further degradation and restore tropical forests in a sustainable way. 2. Forest Resources and Challenges of Sustainable Forest Management and Conservation in Ethiopia 3. Forests and Forestry in Uganda4. Forests and Forestry in Tanzania 5. Composition, Structure and Regeneration of Miombo Forest at Kitulangalo, Tanzania 6. Church Forests - Relic of Dry Afromontane Forests of Northern Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges for Conservation and Restoration 7. Incense Woodlands in Ethiopia: Regeneration Problems and Restoration Possibilities 8. Vegetation Variation in Forest-woodland-savannah mosaics in Uganda and its implications for conservation 9. The Role of Plantation Forests in Fostering Ecological Restoration: Experiences from East Africa This is the first research-based book to examine this problem in East Africa. The specific focus is on the forests of Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda, but the lessons learned are shown to be applicable to neighbouring countries and others in the tropics. A wide range of forest types are covered, from dry Miombo forest and afromontane forests, to forest-savannah mosaics and wet forest types. Current management practices are assessed and examples of good practice presented. The role of local people is also emphasized. The authors describe improved management and restoration through silviculture, plantation forestry and agroforestry, leading to improvements in timber production, biodiversity conservation and the livelihoods of local people.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Forest Resources and Challenges of Sustainable Forest Management and Conservation in Ethiopia
19
Chapter 3 Forests and Forestry in Uganda
65
Chapter 4 Forests and Forestry in Tanzania
89
Chapter 5 Composition Structure and Regeneration of Miombo Forest at Kitulangalo Tanzania
109
Opportunities and Challenges for Conservation and Restoration
123
Regeneration Problems and Restoration Possibilities
133
Chapter 8 Vegetation Variation in ForestWoodlandSavanna Mosaics in Uganda and its Implication for Conservation
153
Agroforestry Asset or Conservation Catastrophe?
221
Maesopsis eminii
247
Chapter 12 Silvicultural Management of Community Forests towards Multiple Uses in the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia
267
From Tree Growth and Population Dynamics to Sustainable Forest Use
291
What Do Local People Say?
305
Interfaces between Ecological Degradation and Resource Enrichment
323
A Case Study from the Bale Mountains Ethiopia
343
Index
361

Experiences from East Africa
171

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About the author (2010)

Frans Bongers is professor of tropical forest ecology at Wageningen University, The Netherlands, and works on succession, biodiversity, forest regeneration and forest management in various tropical countries, both in Africa and Latin America.

Timm Tennigkeit is managing partner at UNIQUE forestry consultants, Germany, and works on natural resource management and climate finance related topics in Africa and Asia.

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