Degrees of Explicitness: Information Structure and the Packaging of Bulgarian Subjects and Objects

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John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 2002 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 247 pages
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This book explores factors relevant in the choices speakers and writers make in regard to explicitness of reference to the subjects and objects in their utterances. Bulgarian is a particularly felicitous target language for this type of study, since it possesses a rich inventory of available packaging techniques, ranging from zero reference, to various stressed and unstressed single forms, to actual doubled ( reduplicated ) constructions. The study systematically addresses the need to avoid referential and grammatical ambiguity, and the crucial influence of emphasis. Another, and perhaps most interesting central factor is the status of what the communication is about, which is assessed on two different levels. The book makes use of data from both published Bulgarian fiction and naturally occurring oral conversations. The fundamental similarities between these modes of communication with respect to noun phrase selection is demonstrated, but explanations are also proposed for the observable differences.
 

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Contents

Primary degrees of subject explicitness in English and Bulgarian
2
Primary degrees of object explicitness in Bulgarian
5
CHAPTER 2
39
Nominative personal pronouns
41
Types of focused subjects
57
Contextual factors contributing to instability of aboutness
69
CHAPTER 3
97
Direct and indirect object types
101
Short form clitic personal pronouns
107
Long form personal pronouns
108
FNP objects in Table 12 Markedness values of the object types for focus
139
CHAPTER 4
185
Notes
209
References
223
Index
243
Copyright

Examples of object types
102

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