Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages

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Ingrid Neumann-Holzschuh, Edgar Werner Schneider
John Benjamins Publishing, 2000 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 492 pages
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Basic notions in the field of creole studies, including the category of creole languages itself, have been questioned in recent years: Can creoles be defined on structural or on purely sociohistorical grounds? Can creolization be understood as a graded process, possibly resulting in different degrees of radicalness and intermediate language types ( semi-creoles )? If so, by which linguistic structures are these characterized, and by which extralinguistic conditions have they been brought about? Which are the linguistic mechanisms underlying processes of restructuring, and how did grammaticalization and reanalysis shape the reorganization of linguistic, specifically morphosyntactic structures commonly called creolization ? What is the role of language contact, language mixing, substrates and superstrates, or demographic factors in these processes? This volume provides select and revised papers from a 1998 colloquium at the University of Regensburg in which these questions were addressed. 19 contributions by renowned scholars discuss structural, sociohistorical and theoretical aspects, building upon case studies of both Romance-based and English-oriented creoles. This book marks a major step forward in our understanding of the nature of creolization.
 

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Contents

Degrees of restructuring in creole languages?
1
Problemsin the development of theory
19
Theories of creolization and the degree and nature of restructuring
41
Creolization is a social not a structural process
65
Defining creole as a synchronic term
85
Opposite processes in creolization
125
A cognitive approach to the genesis of tense markers
135
Evidence from creole and noncreole languages
163
Restructuring in vitro? Evidence from Early Krio
275
The development of paragoge in Sranan
309
The development of the life form lexicon of Tok Pisin
337
Les cas de SaintBarthélemy et de la Réunion
361
Le cas du créole louisianais
383
The anomalous case of Palenquero
409
Restructuring or creolization?
437
Centre africain et périphérie portugaise dans le Créole santiagais du Cap Vert?
469

Reassessing the role of demographics in language restructuring
185
The case of Bajan
215
Some evidence from Earlier African American VernacularEnglish in South Carolina
247

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