Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages
Ingrid Neumann-Holzschuh, Edgar Werner Schneider
John Benjamins Publishing, 2000 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 492 pages
Basic notions in the field of creole studies, including the category of creole languages itself, have been questioned in recent years: Can creoles be defined on structural or on purely sociohistorical grounds? Can creolization be understood as a graded process, possibly resulting in different degrees of radicalness and intermediate language types ( semi-creoles )? If so, by which linguistic structures are these characterized, and by which extralinguistic conditions have they been brought about? Which are the linguistic mechanisms underlying processes of restructuring, and how did grammaticalization and reanalysis shape the reorganization of linguistic, specifically morphosyntactic structures commonly called creolization ? What is the role of language contact, language mixing, substrates and superstrates, or demographic factors in these processes? This volume provides select and revised papers from a 1998 colloquium at the University of Regensburg in which these questions were addressed. 19 contributions by renowned scholars discuss structural, sociohistorical and theoretical aspects, building upon case studies of both Romance-based and English-oriented creoles. This book marks a major step forward in our understanding of the nature of creolization.
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Degrees of restructuring in creole languages?
Problemsin the development of theory
Theories of creolization and the degree and nature of restructuring
Creolization is a social not a structural process
Defining creole as a synchronic term
Opposite processes in creolization
A cognitive approach to the genesis of tense markers
Evidence from creole and noncreole languages
Restructuring in vitro? Evidence from Early Krio
The development of paragoge in Sranan
The development of the life form lexicon of Tok Pisin
Les cas de SaintBarthélemy et de la Réunion
Le cas du créole louisianais
The anomalous case of Palenquero
Restructuring or creolization?
Centre africain et périphérie portugaise dans le Créole santiagais du Cap Vert?
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19th century AAVE acrolectal affixes African languages Afrikaans Afro-Cuban Afro-Hispanic Amsterdam Arends Bajan Barbados basilectal Bickerton bozal Caribbean Chaudenson clitic colonies contact language contexts copula créole creole features creole genesis creole languages Creole Prototype créolisation creolists creolization d'une decreolization demographic derived diachronic dialects early English été être European example fait forms français FrCr's Freetown French Creole grammar grammaticalization Gullah Haitian Haitian Creole hypothesis inflectional influence Jamaican Kikongo Kitts Krio language change language contact langue de base lexical lexifier Liberated Africans linguistic linguistique marker McWhorter morphemes Mufwene non-creole Palenque Palenquero Papiamentu paragogic paragogic vowels patois peut phonological Pidgin Pidgin and Creole plantation population Portuguese preverbal reanalysis Réunion Réunionnais Saint-Barth Saramaccan Schwegler semantic semi-creole Sierra Leone slaves Spanish speakers speech spoken Sranan structural subject clitic subject pronouns substrate languages superstrate syntactic tense Thomason tion Tok Pisin variétés varieties verb verbal vernacular Winford words Yoruba