Delinquency and High School Dropouts: Reconsidering Social Correlates

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University Press of America, 1995 - Education - 156 pages
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Understanding delinquency and reasons why young adolescents disengage in education and later drop out of school has continually puzzled practitioners and theoreticians. While there have been works that have focused on delinquency and disengagement in education, the role that the family plays on reducing delinquency has generally remained unknown. Theoretical concepts that explain the propensities toward delinquent behavior and disengagement in education are discussed comprehensively in this unique book. "Adopted and cited in the 104th Congress, 2nd Session / Senate Document 104-20, Page 13, National Debate Topic for High Schools, 1996-97, (Pursuant to 44 United States Code, Section 1333)." (You may view the full citing at: http: //www.access.gpo.gov/congress/sen-rpt-104-20.txt)
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
Background
2
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND CONCEPTS
5
Rationale for the Selection of Subjects
7
Statement of the Problem
8
Hypotheses
9
Definition of Terms
10
Dependent Variables
14
Summary of Methodology
45
DETERMINING THE THEORETICAL PROPERTIES OF THE INSTRUMENT
47
TestRetest Reliability
62
Canonical Correlation Results
65
TESTING THE HYPOTHESES
69
Regression Analyses Results
71
EXPLORING EMPIRICAL PROPERTIES OF SOCIAL CORRELATES
83
The Operationalization of the Stepwise Regression
84

Significance of this Study
17
CONSTRUCTS AND THE LITERATURE
19
Social Support
20
Inner Containment
22
Elements of Bonding
23
Summary of the Constructs and Literature Review
26
A STEPBYSTEP EXPLICATION OF THE METHODOLOGY
29
Design
30
Developing the Instrument
31
Reliability of the Instrument
33
Instrument
35
Constructs
36
Procedures
41
Analyses
42
Summary of Stepwise Regression Analysis Results
95
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
97
Discussion of Findings
98
Revised Social Bonding Theory Model
103
Implication of Findings
106
BIBLIOGRAPHY
109
Sample Design
115
Instrument
117
Code Sheet
131
Reliability TestRetest by Item
137
Correlation Matrices
145
INDEX
151
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
157
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

Dr. Gala is retired after nearly 28-years of Federal service, of which nearly 21-years were with the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons as a Federal Officer/CTS, with a sum of 25-years of experience in law enforcement. Presently, he is the CEO/Chief Research Consultant, and USDOJ Certified PREA Auditor with The Gala Group, Inc. (TN). He also conducts peer reviews for various entities of the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Education. He serves on a few committees of primary professional organizations and engages in community service. He has 8-years of experience in teaching in higher education and as a P.O.S.T. Instructor. He previously held a joint appointment as an Associate Professor in Criminal Justice & Education at a college in South Central Tennessee for 4-years, 2-years as an adjunct instructor at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, and 2-years as an Associate Professor and full-member of the Graduate Faculty in Criminal Justice in the University of North Carolina System. In addition to the published book with UPA, Dr. Gala had chapters in 4 different edited published books, and several published professional articles, as well as having been an Associate Editor with a professional journal for nearly a decade and a reviewer with three different professional journals (based in Sociology/Criminology). Presently, he is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal, Multicultural Learning & Teaching.

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