Delinquency and Spare Time: A Study of a Few Stories Written Into the Court Records of the City of Cleveland

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Columbia University, 1918 - Cleveland (Ohio) - 207 pages

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Page 5 - Survey of Cleveland conducted by the Survey Committee of the Cleveland Foundation in 1915.
Page 121 - ... Cleveland school children, made a determined inquiry to find out "what efforts probation officers, parents, teachers and others had made to direct the choice of spare time activities on the part of delinquent children into more wholesome channels. ' ' He found that in the matter of spare time alone : "A discouragingly small amount of such effort was definitely reported. In few cases did the probation officers, or parents or other persons who were seen, claim to have tried to work out a practical,...
Page 121 - ... practical, safe and attractive program of spare-time activities for any child. The probation officers think that they are too busy with investigations, and have too many probationers under supervision at one time, to do this reconstructive kind of probation as well as it might be done. Some also think that even if a program is worked out the children will not follow it. It is not the routine business of school teachers to know or to be responsible for the whole boy, especially out of school hours....
Page 122 - Settlements and churches offer clubs and classes and opportunities for mental and spiritual culture, but many children do not go to these at all, and even for those who go, attendances are usually confined to not more than 3 hours of the day or evening of one or two or three days a week; but a week brings to any of these delinquents an average of 42 hours of spare-time, or seven times as much spare time as is cared for by these agencies. "In short, it is apparently nobody's...
Page 112 - ... on the habitual practice whereby it becomes in the eyes of the police — though the difference is not clearly present to the mind of the child — an infringement of the law.
Page 115 - ... testify that at the same age period desultory pursuits formed only seven-tenths of one per cent of all their activities. As against the casually and in some cases surreptitiously acquired recreational associations of our delinquents, the statistics for the wholesome citizens record that in seventy per cent of the histories obtained the recreation habits were formed at the precept and suggestion and under the direct guidance of parents, teachers, relatives, and friends.
Page 122 - ... will not follow it. It is not the routine business of school teachers to know or to be responsible for the whole boy, especially out of school hours. "The truant officer is primarily interested in getting the boy or girl to attend school, not in looking after them on school days after school classes, nor at all on Saturdays and Sundays. The playground supervisor works chiefly with boys and girls in groups, and the group welfare often compels him to single out the troublesome individual for the...
Page 26 - ... railroads, near the Otis steel plant. Some homes in this district are supplied with fuel gleaned from the property of the above-named corporations, and the children do the gathering. It was on one of these expeditions that the boys found a car open and took the tobacco. On being questioned they said, " The door was open, no one seemed to be taking care of the tobacco, and we thought they left it for us, as they do the cratings.
Page 118 - ... the delinquent act is suggested by the habitual spare-time practice"; (3) "the delinquent act is committed in order to get money for recreation"; (4) "the delinquent act is committed to qualify the child for certain recreational opportunities afforded by a recognized play group"; (5) "the delinquent act expresses a reaction against school, work, or both.
Page 69 - At an earlier date, plans had been made by a gang of 11 boys in this neighborhood, including an older brother of one of this group, to travel around the world. Every time the gang met, whether on street corners, at the movies, or over the woodpile in the yard, they discussed their plans. These plans were 69 talked of for more than a year and a half. All of the boys were saving their money. The older brother had $27.00, a younger boy $2.09; the group as a whole had about $100. One August day the boys...

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