منقذ من الضلال

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CRVP, 2001 - Religion - 155 pages
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About the author (2001)

Abu Hamid Muhammed ibn-Muhammed a-Tusi al-Ghazali began an academic career in Baghdad, but abandoned it after a spiritual crisis in 1095. He became a Sufi mystic and, after years of wandering, settled in Tus, Persia (his birthplace) where he and his followers took up a monastic life. After visiting Mecca, Alexandria, and Jerusalem, he resumed teaching in Nishapur until his death. Ironically considered by Europeans as the disciple of Avicenna (because he was best known in the West through a translation of his detailed presentation of Avicenna's philosophy), al-Ghazali had actually summarized and explained Avicenna in order to attack him. In keeping with his mystical point of view, al-Ghazali contested Avicenna's rationalist emphasis on the superiority of philosophical knowledge to religious belief, a disagreement that found multiple echoes in Western medieval debates over the relative place of faith and reason. It was through his writing that Sufism, long regarded as a heretical doctrine in Iran, was made acceptable to the orthodox. Though his works are not widely available in translation, they exerted a tremendous influence on all later Persian thought.

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