Democracy, Governance, and Economic Performance: East and Southeast Asia

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Ian Marsh, Jean Blondel, Takashi Inoguchi
United Nations University Press, 1999 - Business & Economics - 371 pages

The states of East and Southeast Asia constitute a fertile setting for exploring the links between political and economic development-- subjects usually considered in isolation.Democratization occurred, or was consolidated, in a number of these states in the early 1990s, but irrespective of the level of democratization, economic performance has been a primary source of political legitimacy in all states in the study. Yet the levels of development vary markedly. Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore have progressively turned to technological innovation as the primary engine of development, while the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia have focused on incorporation in regional/global production systems.In evaluating democratic development, the study focuses particularly on the condition of parties and party systems. In relation to economic governance, the idea of a developmental state provides a template against which the practices of individual states are evaluated.The political and policymaking institutions within these states must now negotiate responses to the financial crisis of the late 1990s. Ultimate outcomes will be determined, on one hand, by the capacity of political systems to sustain popular support and, on the other, by the capacity of institutions to rework dysfunctional economic arrangements.

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Contents

The role of parties and party systems in the democratization
23
Economic governance and economic performance
47
Parties bureaucracies and the search for an equilibrium
79
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Ian Marsh is associate professor at the Australian Graduate School of Management, University of New South Wales. Jean Blondel is professor of political science at the European University Institute, Florence. Takashi Inoguchi is professor of political science at the Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo.

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