Democracy and Decentralisation in South Asia and West Africa: Participation, Accountability and Performance
Cambridge University Press, Dec 3, 1998 - Business & Economics - 335 pages
This book is an in-depth empirical study of four Asian and African attempts to create democratic, decentralised local governments in the late 1980s and 1990s. The case studies of Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Karnataka (India) and Bangladesh focus upon the enhancement of participation; accountability between people, politicians and bureaucrats; and, most importantly, on whether governmental performance actually improved in comparison with previous forms of administration. The book is systematically comparative, and based upon extensive popular surveys and local field work. It makes an important contribution to current debates in the development literature on whether 'good governance' and decentralisation can provide more responsive and effective services for the mass of the population - the poor and disadvantaged who live in the rural areas.
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a crossnational analysis
Democratic decentralisation in comparative perspective
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Abidjan accountability administration Affery allocated areas Assembly members association authorities Bangladesh Bogra Bogra District budget bureaucrats cent central government chief secretary citizens civil servants constituents contacted corruption Cote d'lvoire Council chairmen decentralised system deconcentrated democratic decentralisation democratisation Dhaka Dharwar Dikodougou District Assembly District Council District councillors district level District president District Secretary dominated East Akim District East Mamprusi District effect elected councillors elected councils elected members elected representatives electorate elite Ershad Executive expenditure farmers four communes funds Ghana groups implement India Interview Karnataka leaders lvorian Mandal councillors Mandal Councils Manikganj District mayor Mbengue meetings Mysore Mysore District NGOs officials organised outputs Participation rates party PDCI PNDC political politicians popular population problem programmes projects regime responsiveness revenue roads role rural Scheduled Castes selected activities self-help social sub-District Councils survey Table tion Union Councils Unit Committee village whilst women Yakasse
Page 1 - Out of 75 developing and transitional countries with populations greater than 5 million, all but 12 claim to have embarked on some form of transfer of political power to local units of government.c However, that does not imply that decentralization itself is good or that the outcomes have always been successful.
Page i - Sanford is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics at the University of Bristol.
Page 2 - In this new climate, it was not hard to believe that decentralisation combined with democratisation (usually in its electoral, representative form) might provide greater transparency, accountability, responsiveness, probity, frugality, efficiency, equity and opportunities for mass participation - or enough of these to justify fresh attempts at reform.
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