Democracy from Above: Regional Organizations and Democratization

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 13, 2005 - Political Science - 248 pages
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Since the momentous events of the late 1980s, democratic transition has been a widely studied phenomenon. Most scholars who have investigated the causes and implications of the global trend to democracy have argued that domestic politics is the leading determinant in the success or failure of transitions to democracy. In this book, Jon Pevehouse argues that international factors, specifically regional organizations, play an important role in the transition to and endurance of democracy. Domestic elites use membership of regional organizations to advance the cause of democracy since these organizations can manipulate the costs and benefits of democracy to important societal groups such as business elites or the military. Six cases (Hungary, Peru, Greece, Paraguay, Guatemala, and Turkey) examine the causal processes behind the statistical association between regional organizations and democratization. These findings bridge international relations and comparative politics while also providing guidelines for policy-makers who wish to use regional organizations to promote democracy.
 

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Contents

Regional organizations the transition to and
15
The supplyside of democratization and initial tests
46
Regional organizations and the transition
77
evidence from cases
111
Regional organizations and democratic consolidation
154
Regional organizations and the consolidation
169
Conclusion
199
References
219
Index
243
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About the author (2005)

Jon C. Pevehouse is Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin. He has published in journals such as the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, International Organization, the Journal of Politics and the Journal of Conflict Resolution.

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