Democracy in France

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D. Appleton, 1849 - France Politics and government 1789-1900 - 82 pages
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Page i - Appleton &, Co. are rendering an important service to the public in republishing their works. The study of History will be rendered more attractive, and a clear view of principles rather than a mere external description of events will. thus be conveyed. We can recommend this work to every reader of History as one which appears to usindispensable.
Page i - The study of the social and political progress of what is called Modern Civilization is entered into more minutely in the Second Fart, and hence it became necessary to select one Nation as a type and to study it particularly. M. Guizot very properly made choice of France, which, intellectually, has been, as she still is, the Leader of Europe in.
Page 45 - ... than they are necessary. It is God who rules the seasons and the temperature, the sun and the rain, and all those phenomena of nature which determine the success or the failure of the labours of man on the soil which he cultivates. There is no pride which can resist this dependence, no address which can escape it. Nor is it only a sentiment of humility as to his power over his own destiny which is thus inculcated upon man ; he learns also tranquillity and patience. He cannot flatter himself that...
Page i - People ; but for a study of the principles that have lain at the foundation of the historical life and the workings of Nations, and of the philosophy of the historical movements which have marked the progress of European History, we think that M. Guizot has not been equalled. His insight into, and his dissection of the causes that led to the establishment of political institutions, and his analysis...
Page 17 - Resistance not only to evil, but to the principle of evil ; not only to disorder, but to the passions and the ideas which engender disorder — this is the paramount and peremptory duty of every government. And the greater the empire of Democracy, the more important is it that government should hold fast to its true character, and act its true part in the struggle which agitates society. Why is it that so many democracies — some of them very brilliant — have so rapidly perished ? Because they...
Page 45 - Landed property is the establishment of man as sovereign in the midst of nature. It satisfies not only his wants and his desires, but tastes deeply implanted in his nature. For his family, it creates that domestic country called home, with all the living sympathies and all the future hopes and projects which people it.
Page 20 - ... ideas of democracy. He constantly struggled — struggled even to weariness and to sadness — against its exactions. No man was ever more profoundly imbued with the spirit of government, or with respect for authority. He never exceeded the rights of power, according to the laws of his country; but he confirmed and maintained them, in principle as well as in practice, as firmly, as loftily, as he could have done in an old monarchical or aristocratical state. He was one of those who knew that...
Page 34 - ... individual, and extends to the race. There is no permanent appropriation, no hereditary transmission, no unity nor progress in the life of the species ; — nothing but individuals who appear and then vanish, seizing on their passage their portion of the good things of the earth and the pleasures of life, according to the combined measure of their wants and their strength, which, as to them, constitute their right. ' Thus, in order to secure to every individual of the human species the equal...
Page 45 - ... fertilization of the soil, he must wait with resignation. The more profoundly we examine the situation in which man is placed by the possession and cultivation of the soil, the more do we discover how rich it is in salutary lessons to his reason, and benign influences on his character. Men do not analyze these facts, but they have an instinctive sentiment of them, which powerfully contributes to...
Page 34 - Republic bring men down to the level of the lower animals. / They obliterate the human race. They do worse. There is in the mind of man an imperishable instinct that God presides over his destiny, and that it is not wholly accomplished in this world. Naturally and universally, man believes in God and invokes him as his support in the present, \, his hope in the future.

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