Gifts and Interests
Peeters Publishers, 2000 - Business & Economics - 225 pages
According to a common understanding of economics, economists attempt to understand and explain societal reality in the light of individual self-interest. For them, a gift is no exception to this, except for the slight and misleading veil of altruism which covers a purely egoistic motivation. On the other hand, theologians, philosophers and ethicists use a more normative concept of man. Man realises his best potential through deeds of selfless sacrifice that remain unknown to everyone. In reality, however, people are either entirely egoistic nor altruistic. Marcel Mauss' model of the gift is interesting because it seems to escape the classical (or rather, modern) egoism/altruism dichotomy. Gifts are not primarily motivated by the well-being of myself or the other but rather by the desire to bring about or maintain a certain kind of social relation between giver and receiver. Altruistic as well as egoistic motivations are an integral part of that relation. The role of gifts in the constitution of social relations and social cohesion explains why most kinds of gifts are reciprocal and even obligatory. In this book anthropologists, sociologists and economists as well as philosophers focus on the question of the relevance of Mauss' work on the gift for the understanding of actual social phenomena.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Jacques T Godbout Homo Donator Versus Homo Oeconomicus
Alain Caille Gift and Association
Considerations Touching upon
Chris A Gregory Value Switching and the Commodity Free Zone
GiftGiving in the Mono
A Family to be Recomposed?
Mauss the Gift and Social
Christian Roy Transpositions of Mauss Theory of the Gift in the Per
Marin Terpstra Social Gifts and the Gift of Sociality Some Thoughts
Aldo De Martelaere Personal Obligations in Personal Relations
action agon agonistic gift altruism analysis Anthropology appearances approach archaic societies behaviour Bourdieu Caille Cambridge Christian conception context contract critique culture Dandieu debt Decouverte Derrida dimension disinterestedness dominant donator Durkheim economic Essai ethical example exchange of gifts fact freedom gift-giving Godbout grace habitus historical Hobbes homo homo oeconomicus human Ibid idea identity important individual instrumental rationality interest Jacques Godbout kind labour Levinas logic Marcel Mauss Maussian means modern moral motivation nature neoclassical neoclassical economics norms notion obligation to give obligations of love one's Oshun Papua New Guinea paradigm Paris personal relation perspective philosophy point of view political postulate potlatch practice principle problem question rational choice theory reason receive reciprocity relationship religions religious giving Sahlins seems sense Seuil Shango sociologists sociology solidarity symbolic Tarot things tion Total Social Fact tradition University Press value theory virtue ethics zedaka
All Book Search results »
Theories of the Gift in South Asia: Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain Reflections on ...
No preview available - 2004