## Deontic Logic in Computer Science: 10th International Conference, DEON 2010, Fiesole, Italy, July 7-9, 2010. ProceedingsGuido Governatori, Giovanni Sartor This volume presents the papers contributed to ?EON 2008, the 10th Int- national Conference on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, held in Fiesole (Florence), July 7 9, 2010. This biennial conference series is designed to p- mote international cooperation amongst scholars who are interested in deontic logic and its use in computer science. The scope of the conference is interd- ciplinary, it covers formal-logical studies of normative concepts and normative systems and their links with computer science, arti?cial intelligence, philosophy, organization theory, and law. This edition of ?EON invited submission on the following general themes: the logical study of normative reasoning, including formal systems of deontic logic, defeasible normative reasoning, the logic of action, and other related - eas of logic, the formal analysis of normative concepts and normative systems, the formal representation of legal knowledge, the formal speci?cation of aspects of norm-governed multi-agent systems and autonomous agents, including (but not limited to) the representation of rights, authorization, delegation, power, responsibility and liability, the formal speci?cation of normative systems for the managementofbureaucraticprocessesinpublic orprivateadministration, app- cations of normative logic to the speci?cation of database integrity constraints, normative aspects of protocols for communication, negotiation and multi-agent decision making.In particular, submissions weresolicited addressingapplication of deontic notions for modelling legal systems." |

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### Contents

From Norm Adoption to Norm Internalization | 1 |

Norms Action and Agency in Multiagent Systems | 2 |

Towards a Logical Analysis of the Judgment on Facts | 3 |

A Fundamental Challenge for Deontic Logic | 11 |

A Dyadic Operator for the Gradation of Desirability | 33 |

Deontics Betterness + Priority | 50 |

Axioms for Obligation and Robustness with Temporal Logic | 66 |

Moral Particularism and Deontic Logic | 84 |

Obligations and Prohibitions in Talmudic Deontic Logic | 166 |

Introducing Exclusion Logic as a Deontic Logic | 179 |

The Dynamic Turn | 196 |

ValueBased Argumentation for Justifying Compliance | 214 |

A Logical Model of Private International Law | 229 |

Where Did Mally Go Wrong? | 247 |

Relationships between Actions Performed by Institutional Agents Human Agents or Software Agents | 259 |

The Problem of Many Hands | 274 |

Relevance Derogation and Permission A Case for a Normal Form for Codes of Norms | 98 |

Retroactive Legal Changes and Revision Theory in Defeasible Logic | 116 |

Towards Metalogical Systematisation of Deontic Action Logics Based on Boolean Algebra | 132 |

Avoiding Deontic Explosion by Contextually Restricting Aggregation | 148 |

A Logical Analysis of Commitment Dynamics | 288 |

A DependenceBased Approach to the Regulation of Multiagent Systems | 306 |

Author Index | 323 |

### Common terms and phrases

applied approach argumentation argumentation theory Artiﬁcial Intelligence augmented normative systems axiomatized axioms choice of law commitment compliance Computer concept condition conﬂicts consider context defeasible Defeasible Logic deﬁned Deﬁnition denote DEON deontic action deontic logic deontic operators derived derogation desirable worlds diﬀerent dynamics Eﬀectivity ensure epistemic equivalent example express fact ﬁnite ﬁrst formal formula framework fulﬁlled given Governatori Heidelberg holism iﬀ implication inference input/output input/output logic institution intuitive legal changes legal system LNAI LRTs Makinson means modal logic modal operators moral multi-agent systems normal modal logics notion obligatory out(G outcome P-sequence paradox permission permitted possible premises privacy policy problem prohibition proof properties propositional Ps(send reasoning redundant refer regulation relation relevant represent RoCTL rules Sartor satisﬁes semantics sender sequence software agent speciﬁc structure Talmudic temporal Theorem theory Torre update violation