Describing Spoken English: An Introduction
'Describing spoken English' provides a practical introduction to the pronunciation of contemporary English. Requiring no prior knowledge of phonetics or phonology, the book examines the main varieties of English, focusing on the elements common to all native-speaker varieties and presents the differences as minor variations on a theme. The book is divided into twelve chapters which cover speech production, principles of phonological analysis, consonants, the vowel systems of different varieties of the language, syllable structure, strong and weak syllables, phonological processes in connected speech, stress in simple words and compounds, tone units and utterances, the role of accent in discourse, and the interrelations of morphology and phonology. Presented in an accessible jargon-free style, 'Describing spoken English' will be essential for all students of the English language and linguistics.
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The structure of language
Strong and weak syllables
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adjective allomorphs allophones alternation alveolar ridge antepenult apical apicodental assimilation bilabial cardinal vowels Chapter checked vowel CHICK coda consists consonant clusters consonant phonemes contrast discourse distinctive elements English words example EXHIBIT fall-rise Figure final position fore-stressed free vowels fricatives front function words glide intonation kinds labial labiodental language linguistic liquid meanings mid central morphemes mouth nasal consonants non-rhotic noun compounds noun phrase nucleus obstruction Obstruent consonants occur palate paralanguage particle past tense penult phonological pitch place of articulation plosive preposition produced pronounced pronunciation resonance rhotic rhotic dialects rise Section seen a ghost sequence short fall sibilant sonorant consonant speakers of English speech sounds spoken stressed syllable strong syllable suffix symbol three consonants tone unit tongue-tip unstressed utterance verb vibration vocal cords voiced voiceless consonants vowel phonemes vowel reduction weak syllables word stress word-final position