Desert Storm at Sea: What the Navy Really Did

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - History - 329 pages
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Desert Storm was the largest naval operation since World War II. Although naval forces did not play the central role, they fulfilled an important function throughout the operation, facing many formidable challenges and considerable risk. This book provides a close examination of the problems encountered by the Navy, both in the military situation and in dealing with the other services, and the decisions made to address these issues. While interservice rivalries sometimes intruded at higher levels, jointness at the tactical level often led to effective combined-arms operations.

Despite the information revolution and improvements in technology, the Fog of War still obscured the battlefield and affected nearly all decisions. This study offers page-turning action, such as SEAL activity and combat search and rescue missions, as well as the exciting and dangerous surface operations that gained sea control of the northern Persian Gulf. Using primary sources such as interviews and many documents cleared only recently for public release, the author covers the relations between General Schwarzkopf and Vice Admirals Mauz and Arthur; the major contribution of Tomahawk cruise missiles to the first wave of attacks on Baghdad; the controversial use of aircraft carriers in the Gulf; as well as the Navy's possible role in the event of an amphibious assault into Kuwait. Those preparing to fight in future naval actions will learn much from this detailed analysis.

 

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Contents

Prologue
3
Strike Operations 1718 January
9
Strike Operations 19 January5 February
25
Persian Gulf AirControl Operations
43
SeaControl Operations I
55
SeaControl Operations II
73
Amphibious Plans for Desert Saber
93
Decision on Desert Saber
117
Observations on Command and Control
205
Observations on Amphibious Operations
219
Observations on Mine Countermeasures
231
Observations on Strike Warfare
243
Observations on Air Defense
259
Observations on Maritime Interception Operations
265
Observations on JFACC
271
Observations on Jointness
281

Preparing the Battlefield
131
Mine Countermeasures Operations
151
Naval Operations during the Ground War
169
Prisoners of War
183
After the Storm Postwar Operations
189
Observations
203
What Could the Navy Do to Be More Joint?
295
Final Words
303
Bibliography
305
Index
315
Copyright

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Page 311 - Eastern Exit: The Noncombatant Evacuation Operation (NEO) from Mogadishu, Somalia, in January 1991, October 1991.
Page 310 - Joint CNA/DIA Research Memorandum 93-49. . TLAM Performance during Operation Desert Storm: Assessment of Physical and Functional Damage to the TLAM Aimpoints, Volume II: Leadership and C3 Targets, March 1994.
Page xx - CTF Commander, Task Force CTG Commander, Task Group CTU Commander, Task Unit...

About the author (1999)

MARVIN POKRANT has been a military operations research analyst for more than 20 years./e After joining the Center for Naval Analyses, he had field tours with Commander-in-Chief Pacific Fleet, Commander Third Fleet, and Commander Seventh Fleet. After Desert Storm, Dr. Pokrant coordinated CNA's reconstruction of Desert Shield and Desert Storm with the Seventh Fleet staff. Later, as Director of CNA's Fleet Tactics and Capabilities Program from 1992 to 1994, he oversaw many follow-on analyses of issues raised during Desert Storm. Dr. Pokrant is now retired.

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