Design Reliability: Fundamentals and Applications

Front Cover
CRC Press, Jun 18, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 416 pages
As engineering systems become more and more complex, industry has recognized the importance of system and product reliability and places ever increasing emphasis on it during the design phase. Despite its efforts, however, industry continues to lose billions of dollars each year because of unexpected system failures. Therefore, it becomes increasingly important for designers and engineers to have a solid grounding in reliability engineering and keep abreast of new developments and research results.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
13 RELIABILITY IN THE PRODUCT DESIGN PROCESS
2
15 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
3
16 RELIABILITY INFORMATION SOURCES
4
17 MILITARY AND OTHER RELIABILITY DOCUMENTS
6
18 PROBLEMS
7
19 REFERENCES
8
Design Reliability Mathematics
11
974 Filter Failure Rate Model
199
976 Bearing Failure Rate Model
200
98 FAILURE DATA SOURCES FOR MECHANICAL PARTS
201
99 OPTIMUM MODELS FOR MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT REPLACEMENT OR MAINTENANCE
202
992 Equipment Maintenance Model
203
910 PROBLEMS
205
Human Reliability in Engineering Systems
209
103 HUMAN ERROR OCCURRENCE EXAMPLES AND STUDIES
210

23 PROBABILITY PROPERTIES
13
24 USEFUL DEFINITIONS
14
243 Probability Density Function
15
246 Laplace Transform Definition
16
FinalValue Theorem
17
25 PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
18
253 Exponential Distribution
19
255 Weibull Distribution
20
256 General Distribution
21
26 HAZARD RATE MODELS
22
263 Weibull Distribution
23
272 Equation Roots
25
28 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
27
29 PROBLEMS
28
210 REFERENCES
29
Engineering Design and Reliability Management
31
32 ENGINEERING DESIGN
32
322 The Design Process and Functions
33
323 The Design Team and Member Responsibilities
34
325 Design Engineer and Design Review Board Chairman
36
327 Design Liability
38
332 Military Specification Guidelines for Developing Reliability Programs and a Procedure to Establish Reliability Goals
39
333 Reliability and Maintainability Management Tasks in the Product Life Cycle
40
334 Documents and Tools for Reliability Management
42
335 Reliability Auditing and Pitfalls in Reliability Program Management
43
336 Reliability and Maintainability Engineering Departments and their Responsibilities
44
337 Reliability Manpower
45
34 PROBLEMS
47
35 REFERENCES
48
Failure Data Collection and Analysis
51
IN EQUIPMENT LIFE CYCLE AND QUALITY CONTROL DATA
52
45 EXTERNAL FAILURE DATA SOURCES
53
46 FAILURE DATA FOR SELECTIVE ITEMS AND TASKS
55
471 Hazard Plotting Mathematical Theory
56
48 UNDERLYING DISTRIBUTION DETERMINATION TESTS
65
482 General Exponential Test
67
483 KolmogorovSmirnov Test
69
49 MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATION METHOD
73
491 Exponential Distribution
74
492 Normal Distribution
75
493 Weibull Distribution
76
410 PROBLEMS
77
411 REFERENCES
79
Basic Reliability Evaluation and Allocation Techniques
83
53 GENERAL RELIABILITY ANALYSIS RELATED FORMULAS
85
534 Mean Time to Failure
86
54 RELIABILITY NETWORKS
88
542 Parallel Network
91
543 rouTOFn Network
94
544 Standby Redundancy
95
545 Bridge Network
96
55 RELIABILITY EVALUATION METHODS
98
552 Decomposition Approach
100
553 DeltaStar Method
102
554 Parts Count Method
104
555 Markov Method
106
56 RELIABILITY ALLOCATION
109
562 Failure Rate Allocation Method
110
57 PROBLEMS
113
58 REFERENCES
114
Failure Modes and Effect Analysis
115
63 TYPES OF FMEA AND THEIR ASSOCIATED BENEFITS
116
632 SystemLevel FMEA
117
641 Define System and Its Associated Requirements
118
643 Describe the System and Its Associated Functional Blocks
119
65 CRITICALITY ASSESSMENT
121
652 Military Standard Technique
122
66 FMECA INFORMATION NEEDS DATA SOURCES AND USERS
127
68 ADVANTAGES OF FMEA
128
Fault Tree Analysis
131
73 FAULT TREE SYMBOLS
132
74 FUNDAMENTAL APPROACH TO FTA
133
76 ANALYTICAL DEVELOPMENTS OF BASIC GATES REPEATED FAULT EVENTS AND MINIMAL CUT SETS
135
761 Repeated Fault Events
136
762 Algorithm for Obtaining Minimal Cut Sets
138
77 PROBABILITY EVALUATION OF FAULT TREES WITH REPAIRABLE AND NONREPAYABLE COMPONENTS
140
78 FAULT TREE DUALITY AND FTA APPROACH BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS
146
79 PROBLEMS
147
710 REFERENCES
148
Common Cause Failures and Three State Devices
149
82 COMMON CAUSE FAILURES
150
821 Block Diagram Method
151
822 Fault Tree Method
156
823 Markov Method
158
83 THREE STATE DEVICES
167
832 Reliability Evaluation of a Parallel Network
171
833 Reliability Optimization of a Series Network
173
834 Reliability Optimization of a Parallel Network
174
84 PROBLEMS
175
85 REFERENCES
176
Mechanical Reliability
179
93 GENERAL AND GEAR FAILURE CAUSES
182
94 SAFETY FACTOR AND SAFETY MARGIN
183
942 Safety Margin
185
95 DESIGN BY RELIABILITY METHODOLOGY AND STRESSSTRENGTH MODELS
186
96 MELLIN TRANSFORM METHOD
193
97 FAILURE RATE MODELS
195
972 Clutch System Failure Rate Model
197
973 Pump Failure Rate Model
198
105 HUMAN PERFORMANCE AND STRESS
212
1051 Stress Factors and Operator Stress Characteristics
213
106 HUMAN PERFORMANCE RELIABILITY IN CONTINUOUS TIME AND MEAN TIME TO HUMAN ERROR MTTHE MEASURE
214
107 HUMAN RELIABILITY EVALUATION METHODS
217
1071 Probability Tree Method
218
1072 Fault Tree Method
220
1073 Markov Method
223
108 HUMAN RELIABILITY MARKOV MODELING
225
1082 Reliability Analysis of a Human Performing a Time Continuous Task Under Fluctuating Environment
227
109 HUMAN ERROR DATA
230
1091 Specific Human Error Data Banks and Sources
231
1092 Brief Description of Selected Human Error Data Banks
232
1011 REFERENCES
234
Reliability Testing and Growth
237
1121 Reliability Test Classifications
238
1123 Confidence Interval Estimates for Mean Time Between Failures
240
1124 Accelerated Life Testing
245
113 RELIABILITY GROWTH
249
1132 Reliability Growth Process Evaluation Approaches
250
1142 Army Material System Analysis Activity AMSAA Model
251
115 PROBLEMS
252
116 REFERENCES
253
Reliability in Computer Systems
255
123 HARDWARE RELIABILITY VS SOFTWARE RELIABILITY
256
125 SOFTWARE LIFE CYCLE PHASES AND ASSOCIATED ERROR SOURCES
258
126 SOFTWARE RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT METHODS
259
1262 FaultTolerant Software Design Methods
260
1263 Formal Methods
261
127 SOFTWARE RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS
262
1272 Software Metrics
263
1273 Software Reliability Models
264
128 FAULT MASKING
272
1282 NModular Redundancy NMR
280
1210 REFERENCES
281
Robot Reliability and Safety
285
132 ROBOT SAFETY
286
1322 Robot Hazards and Safety Problems
287
1323 Safety Considerations in Robot Life Cycle
288
1324 Robot Safeguard Approaches
289
1325 Human Factor Issues in Robotic Safety
290
133 ROBOT RELIABILITY
292
1332 Robot Reliability Measures
293
1333 Robot Reliability Analysis and Prediction Methods
296
134 PROBLEMS
306
135 REFERENCES
307
Medical Device Reliability
309
143 MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CLASSIFICATION
312
145 MEDICAL DEVICE DESIGN QUALITY ASSURANCE
313
1451 Organization
314
1454 Reliability Assessment
315
1456 Software Quality Control
316
14510 Test Instrumentation
317
1461 ControlDisplay Related Human Factors Guidelines
318
1463 Human Factor Pointers for Already Being Usedto be Purchased Medical Devices
319
1464 Issues in Considering the Need for and Performance of Human Factors Analysis and Testing of Medical Devices
320
1471 Software Testing for Improving Medical Device Safety
321
1472 Cardioplegia Delivery System Software Reliability Program Core Elements and Software Safety Improvement with Redundancy
323
149 A SMALL INSTRUMENT MANUFACTURERS APPROACH TO PRODUCE RELIABLE AND SAFE MEDICAL DEVICES
324
1410 AEROSPACE AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY AND RELIABILITY APPROACH COMPARISONS
325
1411 GUIDELINES FOR RELIABILITY AND OTHER PROFESSIONALS ASSOCIATED WITH HEALTH CARE
326
1412 PROBLEMS
327
Design Maintainability and Reliability Centered Maintenance
331
MAINTAINABILITY NEED AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY
332
1521 Maintainability and Availability Analyses During Design and Development Phase and Maintainability Design Characteristics
333
1522 Design Reviews
335
1523 Maintainability Measures
336
1524 Maintainability Design Guidelines and Common Maintainability Design Errors
342
1531 Traditional Maintenance RCM and Questions for Selecting Assets for RCM
343
1533 RCM Advantages
346
1534 Reasons for the RCM Methodology Application Failures
347
154 PROBLEMS
348
Total Quality Management and Risk Assessment
351
162 TQM
352
1622 TQM Principles and Elements
353
1623 TQM Contributors
355
1624 TQM Methods
356
1625 Designing for Quality and Goals for TQM Process Success
361
1626 Demings Deadly Diseases of American Management and Common Errors During the Starting Quality Initiative Phase
362
163 RISK ASSESSMENT
363
1633 Risk Analysis Process Steps
364
1634 Risk Analysis Techniques for Engineering Systems
366
1635 Advantages of Risk Analysis
368
165 REFERENCES
369
Life Cycle Costing
371
173 LIFE CYCLE COSTING STEPS AND ACTIVITIES
372
174 SKILL REQUIREMENT AREAS OF A LIFE CYCLE COSTING ANALYST AND HISHER ASSOCIATED PROFESSIONALS
373
175 LIFE CYCLE COSTING PROGRAM EVALUATION AREAS AND LIFE CYCLE COST ESTIMATE REPORT
374
176 TIME DEPENDENT FORMULAS FOR LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS
375
1763 Uniform Periodic Payment Present Value Formula
376
1764 Uniform Periodic Payment Future Amount Formula
377
177 LIFE CYCLE COST ESTIMATION MODELS
378
1772 Specific Life Cycle Cost Estimation Models
380
178 COST ESTIMATION MODELS
385
1782 Motor Operation Cost Estimation Model
386
179 LIFE CYCLE COSTING DATA
387
1710 LIFE CYCLE COSTING ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES RESISTANCE FACTORS AND ASSOCIATED IMPORTANT POINTS
388
1712 REFERENCES
389
Index
393
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Page 390 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) Advisory Report No. 165, May 1981 . Available from the National Technical Information Service

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