Design of Thermal Oxidation Systems for Volatile Organic Compounds
Controlling the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) became a very prominent environmental issue with the passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, and will continue to be an environmental priority through the next decade. No single technology has played as important a role in the control of VOC emissions as thermal oxidation. It has the ability to destroy VOCs in a one-step process that produces innocuous by-products.
Design of Thermal Oxidation Systems for Volatile Organic Compounds provides all the information needed for developing a thermal oxidation design in a single reference. It covers design, operation, and maintenance as well as the principles behind the classification of volatile organic compounds as hazardous waste. The author explores the primary purpose of thermal oxidizers and discusses their limitations.
The book provides:
With the new regulations that affect VOC emissions, engineers from such diverse fields as oil refining, chemical distillation and separation processes, and pharmaceutical industries will need to design and implement thermal oxidation systems. Design of Thermal Oxidation Systems for Volatile Organic Compounds provides a reference to the entire design process, from conceptualization to operation and maintenance.
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VOC Destruction Efficiency
Mass and Energy Balances
Waste Characterization and Classification
Thermal Oxidizer Design
Combustion NOx Control
Postcombustion NOx Control
Gas Scrubbing Systems
Thermal oxidation is a combustion process Combustion is defined as the burning
Heats of Combustion of Organic Compounds
acetate acetone acid ambient ammonia atoms auxiliary fuel boiler feedwater Btu/hr Btu/Ib Btu/scf calculated Carbon dioxide carbon monoxide castable catalyst catalytic oxidizer chemical chemical equilibrium chloride combustion air combustion gases combustion products components corrosion cyanuric acid cycle downstream enthalpy equation example excess air flashback halogenated heat exchanger heat of combustion heat recovery heat release heat sink heat transfer heating value hydrogen hydrogen chloride Ib-mol/hr Ib/hr ignition injected inlet liquid lower mean heat capacity metal methane Methyl mixing natural gas nitrogen NOx emissions NOx reduction nozzle operating temperature organic compounds oxygen concentration packing particulate pollutants ppmv preheat pressure drop quench reagent reducing refractory residence chamber scfm scrubber shown in Figure stack stoichiometric structured packing sulfur sulfur dioxide Superheater Table thermal oxidation system tubes turndown typically usually valve velocity VOC destruction efficiency waste heat boiler waste stream water vapor