Designing Green Landscapes

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Klaus von Gadow, Timo Pukkala
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 1, 2008 - Science - 290 pages
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While the natural resources of the earth continue to diminish, “Green Landscapes” arebeingcalleduponto produceanincreasingrangeofgoodsandservices.A Green Landscape is a rural expanse of scenery that may comprise a variety of visible f- tures. This book focuses on forested landscapes, although much of the theory and most of the practical applications are valid for any area of land. In many regions of the world, people depend on forests for their livelihood and well-being. Forests provide multiple services, – bene ts generated for society by the existence of c- tain forest ecosystems and their attributes. The value of these bene ts is often only recognised when they are lost after removal of the trees, resulting in ooding, loss of income and declining species diversity. Forests provide multiple services. However, the amount and quality, and the p- ticular mix of these services depend on the condition of the resource. Landscape design is a proven way to ensure that certain desired bene ts will be available in space and time. It provides the foundation and an essential starting point for s- tainable management. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems,presentsstate-of-the-artresearchresults,visionsandtheories,aswell as speci c methodsfor designing Green Landscapes, as a basis for sustainable ecos- tem management. The book contains a wealth of information which may be useful to companymanagement,the legal and policy environmentand forestry administ- tors. The volume is subdivided into four sections.
 

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Contents

Adaptive Design of Forested Landscapes
3
Landscape Metrics Scales of Resolution
32
Detailed Assessment Using Remote Sensing Techniques
53
Assessing Landscape Attributes
78
Spatial Optimisation Computational Methods
111
Integrating Multiple Services in the Numerical Analysis of Landscape Design
136
Decentralized Forest Planning Models a Cellular Automata Framework
169
Coordinating Management Decisions of Neighboring Stands with Dynamic Programming
186
Designing a Forested Landscape in Finland Under Different Climate Scenarios
215
Visualization in the Design of Forested Landscapes
245
Visualization in Support of Landscape Design
264
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