Detectors for Particle Radiation
This textbook provides a clear, concise and comprehensive review of the physical principles behind the devices used to detect charged particles and gamma rays, and the construction and performance of these many different types of detectors. Detectors for high-energy particles and radiation are used in many areas of science, especially particle physics and nuclear physics experiments, nuclear medicine, cosmic ray measurements, space sciences and geological exploration. This second edition includes all the latest developments in detector technology, including several new chapters covering micro-strip gas chambers, silicion strip detectors and CCDs, scintillating fibers, shower detectors using noble liquid gases, and compensating calorimeters for hadronic showers. This well-illustrated textbook contains examples from the many areas in science in which these detectors are used. It provides both a coursebook for students in physics, and a useful introduction for researchers in other fields.
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absorption accelerators achieved angle anode anode wire argon atoms avalanche beam bubble chamber cathode cell centre-of-mass energy CERN charged particles Cherenkov counter Cherenkov radiation coefficient collisions cross-section crystal cylindrical decay density depletion layer diameter distribution drift chamber drift path drift velocity electron-positron electrons emission emitted energy loss energy resolution experiments fibres fluctuation flux function gas amplification gas pressure GeV/c hadron calorimeter hadronic hadronic shower interaction point ionization chamber ionizing particle ions K mesons laser liquid argon magnetic field material mean free path measured muon neutrino neutrons nuclear nuclei obtained p-n junction pairs photocathode photoelectrons photomultiplier plates position potential primary ionization produced proportional chamber proportional counter proton pulse height radiation length radius reaction readout region scattering secondary semiconductor shown in fig silicon solenoid spatial resolution storage ring streamer strips thickness threshold tion tracking detectors transition radiation transverse TT mesons tube voltage wavelength