Determination of hydrogen in materials: nuclear physics methods
Measuring the hydrogen content in materials is important both for research and for various applications in material and surface sciences, such as hydrogen embrittlement of steel, controlled thermonuclear reaction first wall studies, and changed material properties caused by dissolved hydrogen. Hydrogen is the most difficult atomic species to analyze by traditional methods, but nuclear physics methods are particularly suited for this purpose. President of the Uzbek SSR Academy of Sciences P.K. Khabibullaev and Professor B.G. Skorodumov discuss in this book the characteristics of these methods, such as lower detection limits, selectivity in respect to different isotopes, accuracy, depth resolution and maximum detection depth. Examples of applications that are dealt with include the determination of material humidity, the dating of objects, the study of hydrogen diffusion including non-stationary processes, and the investigation of changes in material properties like superconductivity, plasticity and electrical properties due to contamination by hydrogen.
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Determination of Hydrogen in Materials
Analytical Characteristics of the Method
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Determination of Hydrogen in Materials: Nuclear Physics Methods
Pulat K. Khabibullaev,Boris G. Skorodumov
No preview available - 2013
angle angular angular aperture background beam energy bombardment calculated Channel number characterized charged particles concentration distribution concentration profile contamination corresponding Coulomb barrier cross-section dependence depth resolution detection limit detector determination of hydrogen deuterium deuterons diffusion coefficient distribution of hydrogen Doppler broadening elastic recoil detection elastic scattering electron emitted particle energy analysis energy resolution energy spectrum excitation function experimental foil fwhm hydrogen concentration hydrogen depth profiling hydrogen determination hydrogen isotopes hydrogen profiling implanted incident beam incident particle Instrum interaction ion beam analysis kinetic layer maximum analysable depth measured multiple scattering near-surface region Neutron scattering Nucl nuclear physics methods nuclear reaction number of counts obtained palladium particle energy peak permeation phase transition profiling depth proton radiation rays reaction yield resonance method resonance width result sample material sample surface sensitivity silicon solid sorption spectra stopping power straggling surface hydrogen target technique tion titanium tritium