Detroit: The Black Bottom Community
Between 1914 and 1951, Black Bottom's black community emerged out of the need for black migrants to find a place for themselves. Because of the stringent racism and discrimination in housing, blacks migrating from the South seeking employment in Detroit's burgeoning industrial metropolis were forced to live in this former European immigrant community. During World War I through World War II, Black Bottom became a social, cultural, and economic center of struggle and triumph, as well as a testament to the tradition of black self-help and community-building strategies that have been the benchmark of black struggle. Black Bottom also had its troubles and woes. However, it would be these types of challenges confronting Black Bottom residents that would become part of the cohesive element that turned Black Bottom into a strong and viable community.
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1935 photograph 20th century 651 Benton Street African American Antoine Street Beaubien began Belle Isle Black Bottom community Black Bottom residents black church black community black migrants black population black workers Booker Bottom and Paradise Bottom's Brewster Homes Brewster projects buildings Chrysler Freeway city officials construction Dancy Depression Detroit Plan Detroit police Detroit Stars Detroit Urban League Detroit's black discrimination economic Eleanor Roosevelt employment factories Fannie Federal Housing former Black Bottom Gratiot Avenue Green Pastures Camp Hastings Street Herman Gardens Housewives League immigrants Jeffries Projects League of Detroit Lodge Freeway Mayor Edward Jeffries Michigan Negro Paradise Valley Peck photograph was taken prostitution public housing racial riots Second Baptist Church second decade Sojourner Truth Housing South southern migrants Street in Black taken sometime Truth Housing Project Twelfth Street uniformed police officers United Service Organization urban renewal Washington Trade Association young black