Development Interventions in Wollaita, 1960s-2000s: A Critical Review
Action for Development, Christian Aid, and Inter-Church Organization for Development Cooperation commissioned this study. They are all active in Wollaita, one of the most densely populated areas of Ethiopia. It examines the development interventions of the last four and a half decades from the point of view of three key determinants of poverty and destitution: population dynamics and land shortage, urbanisation and commercialisation, and livelihood diversification. The interventions are found to have largely failed to address these key determinants; and the study suggests that a considerable change of policy is needed to put these determinants at centre stage and to accelerate the pace of development. Dessalegn Rahmato won the 1999 Prince Claus Award in recognition of significant achievements in the field of research and development. He is a Senior Research Fellow at the Forum for Social Studies, and was formerly its Executive Director. He has published on land and agrarian issues, food security, environmental policy, and poverty in Wollaita. His current research is on civil society and democratisation.
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12 Focus of the Study
Wollaita Poverty and Destitution
22 Population and Demographic Dynamics
23 Economic Activities
232 Livelihood Diversification
24 Vulnerable Livelihoods
242 Famine and Food Insecurity
322 How Much Have NGOs Invested?
33 Urban Areas and the Private Sector
Conclusions and Policy Implications
42 Policy Implications
43 The Way Forward
243 Pandemics and Congested Living
Development Interventions in Wollaita Since the 1960s
311 The Imperial Regime
312 The Derg and Agricultural Socialism
313 The Present Government and AgricultureLed Development
32 NGOs as Development Partners in Wollaita
Addis Ababa Arba Minch assets awraja Boditi Bolosso communities considerable cooperatives crops cultivation Damot Gale Dejazmach demographic stress Derg Dessalegn development interventions development partners development programs DFED disease drought economic employment enset farming system environmental Ethiopia famine farm households fertility food aid food security government’s growth high population HIV/AIDS holdings Humbo impact improved income insecurity institutions interviewed kebelle Kindo Koysha land shortage landless large number livelihood diversification livestock lowlands maize micro-holdings million Birr needs NGO investments number of NGOs Omo River organizations packages peasants in Wollaita percent poor population pressure poverty and destitution present private sector problem production promote rehabilitation resettlement rural areas Rural Development rural population schemes settlement seven woredas Sidamo Province SNNPR Soddo Zuria soil strategy Table teff towns tuber urban areas urban population voluntary sector WADU Publication WADU’s Wollaita peasants World Vision Zonal Zone