Development of Culture, Welfare States and Women's Employment in Europe
This refreshing volume introduces a theory for explaining cross-national differences in the social practice of women (and men) in the areas of family and employment. This provides a theoretical framework for the ensuing comprehensive cross-national analysis of the degree and forms of labour market integration of women in three European countries - Finland, West Germany and the Netherlands - from the 1950s until 2000. Cross-national differences are explained with a focus on cultural change and the development of welfare state, labour markets, the family and social movements. It is evident that change took place along different development paths that were based on deep-rooted historical differences in the cultural ideals of the family. Such historical differences and their explanations also form part of the analysis. The results of this survey contribute to the further development of cross-national sociology on social change, social and gender inequality, welfare state, labour markets and family structures.
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Constructing a Theoretical Framework for the Crossnational
Designing the Empirical Analysis
Dramatic Modernization Towards an Egalitarian
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According agrarian Arbeitsmarkt basis behaviour bourgeoisie cent context cross-national differences cultural change cultural ideas cultural models cultural values discourse division of labour dominant dual Dutch economic employment rate employment system equality Esping-Andersen extent family model female employment female gainful employment feminist Finland Finnish force participation rates Frauen full-time employment gainfully employed gender arrangement gender culture gender order gender relations gendered division government policy household housewife model ibid important individual industrial society institutions integration of women Knijn labour force participation labour market male breadwinner family Margaret Archer marriage married women modern motherhood Netherlands OECD Oechsle parental leave part-time employment Pfau-Effinger Plantenga political population Pott-Buter public childcare regarded relationship relatively respect result role sector share of women significant social actors social groups social integration social practice spheres structure and agency theory traditional urban bourgeoisie welfare regime welfare state policy West Germany women's labour force women's movement