Development of a value criteria methodology for assessing highway systems cost-effectiveness
Ted R. Miller, Granville Corporation, United States. Federal Highway Administration. Safety and Design Division
Federal Highway Administration, Safety and Design Division, 1985 - Health & Fitness - 400 pages
A resource allocation methodology was selected for addressing cost-effective countermeasures to highway safety problems. The methodology was applied to two such problems: stopping-sight distance and drunk driving.
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Multiplier to obtain the discounted present
Estimated direct and indirect administration
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AASHTO accident costs ACCIDENT REDUCTION FACTORS alcohol assued average benefit-cost ratio benefits and costs CAPITAL COSTS center rear brake computed convicted drunk drivers cost-effectiveness costs and benefits Countermeasure 6(b countermeasure effectiveness countermeasures selected crest vertical curves DDWS Department of Transportation discount rate dollars driver countermeasures Economic edgelines effectiveness estimates enforcement Evaluation example FATAL ACCIDENT Federal Highway Administration hazardous horizontal curves high-mounted Highway Countermeasures Highway Traffic Safety impacts Implemented Costs increase installation investment involved license suspension maintenance NASS data National Highway Traffic NHTSA North Carolina OPERATIONS COSTS passage of laws PDO ACCIDENT percent Percentage Implementation present value problem rate of return rear brake lights reduced risk roadway roughly secondary roads sensitivity analysis shadow price single-vehicle accidents sobriety checkpoints spillover Step Table Traffic Safety Administration Transportation Research trips U.S. Department Vehicle Countermeasures vehicle inspection wage rate Washington willingness to pay