Development of Emotions and Emotion Regulation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 26, 2006 - Psychology - 265 pages
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vii PREFACE It was 13 years ago that we met for the ?rst time at a German developmental psychology conference. One of us, Wolfgang Friedlmeier (WF), was interested in ontogenetic development from a cross-cultural perspective. He presented a study on the development of empathy and distress in preschool age, dealing with how far children from different cultures respond to comparable demands with different emotions and regulation strategies. The other, Manfred Holodynski (MH), was - terested in ontogenetic development from the perspective of internalization: how processes that are originally socially distributed between persons are transformed into mental processes within the individual. He presented a study on the devel- ment of the emotions pride and shame in preschool age. This led the two of us to discover our common interest in central issues of emotional development: What role do the emotions play in an individual’s activity regulation? What is it exactly that is “developing” when we talk about emotional development? Do emotional processes have a social genesis? And what is the role of the early social interactions between children and their caregivers, along with the obvious fact that individuals grow up and live in completely different cultures? Even at this time, we both already suspected that the social and cultural embedment of the individual would prove to be a key to understanding how the diversity of human emotions and their regulation develop.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
12 A PRELIMINARY SUMMARY
4
13 THE DESIGN OF THIS BOOK
6
RESEARCH PARADIGMS ON EMOTION
11
EMOTION AS A SPECIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE
13
211 Premises
14
212 Empirical Findings
15
214 Conclusions For An Integrative Approach
16
342 Operations And Automatic Regulation
84
343 Emotions And Emotional Action Regulation
85
ONTOGENESIS OF EMOTIONS AND THEIR REGULATION
89
41 PREADAPTATION OF INFANT AND CAREGIVER
94
411 The Emotions Of The Neonate
95
412 Sensorimotor Abilities For Engaging In Interpersonal Regulation
99
413 Intuitive Parenting
101
414 Summary
102

EMOTION AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION
18
222 Empirical Findings
19
223 Discussion
20
224 Conclusions For An Integrative Approach
22
225 Differentiation Of Levels Of Emotional Processing And Emotion Regulation
24
226 Conclusions For An Integrative Approach
26
EMOTION AS AN EVOLVING SYSTEM
28
232 Empirical Findings
32
234 Conclusions For An Integrative Approach
33
EMOTION AS A COCONSTRUCTED PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTION
35
242 Empirical Findings
37
243 Discussion
38
244 Conclusions For An Integrative Approach
39
THE INTERNALIZATION MODEL OF EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
43
31 EMOTION AS A FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SYSTEM
45
312 The Interaction Of The Components As A Feedback Model
48
313 Support For A Feedback Model Of Feeling
54
314 The Internalization Of Feedback From Expressive And Body Reactions
62
32 FROM INTERPERSONAL TO INTRAPERSONAL REGULATION
64
33 THE TRANSFORMATION OF EXPRESSIVE REACTIONS INTO SIGNS
65
331 What Is an Expression Sign Semantics?
67
332 What Are Expression Signs For pragmatics?
71
333 How Do New Expression Signs Emerge?
75
334 How Can Expression Signs Be Combined syntax?
77
335 Summary
79
34 LEVELS OF ACTION REGULATION
80
341 Actions And Volitional Regulation
82
IN INFANCY
103
422 The Emergence Of Volitional Action Regulation
115
423 Precursors Of Reflective Emotion Regulation In Infants And Toddlers
118
424 Interindividual Differences
121
425 Summary
127
43 THE EMERGENCE OF INTRAPERSONAL REGULATION LEVELS IN TODDLERS AND PRESCHOOLERS
128
431 The Emergence Of Intrapersonal Emotional Action Regulation
131
432 The Emergence Of An Intrapersonal Volitional Action Regulation
142
433 The Emergence Of An Intrapersonal Reflective Emotion Regulation
144
434 Summary
152
44 THE INTERNALIZATION OF MENTAL MEANS OF REGULATION FROM AGE 6 ONWARD
153
441 The Internalization Of Expression Signs
154
442 The Internalization Of Speech Signs
162
45 MENTAL EMOTIONS AND ADULT EMOTION REGULATION
167
452 The Development Of Reflective Emotion Regulation
175
46 SUMMARY
178
CULTURE AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
181
512 A Reconstruction Of The Phylogenesis Of Emotions
183
513 Ethnotheories As Culturespecific Patterns For Interpreting Emotional Phenomena
186
52 EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE CULTURAL CONTEXT
190
521 Preadaptation Of Infant And Caregiver As A Universal Baseline
191
522 The Emergence Of Signmediated Emotion Systems
195
523 The Emergence Of The Intrapsychological Regulation Of Emotion
199
524 The Internalization Of Expression Signs
210
53 SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK
218
REFERENCES
225
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Page 241 - In MF Mascolo & S. Griffin (Eds.), What develops in emotional development?

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