Deviance and Social Control in Sport

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Human Kinetics, 2008 - Sports & Recreation - 267 pages
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The world of sport offers a deep—and often-overlooked—source for the study of deviance and its development and impact on society. Deviance and Social Control in Sport challenges preconceived understandings regarding the relationship of deviance and sport and offers a conceptual framework for future work in a variety of sociological subfields.

Drawing on their cutting-edge research in criminology and deviance in the discipline of sociology, Atkinson and Young provide a textured understanding of sport-related deviance through the application of various approaches to deviance in a sport context. Using extended case studies, the authors examine the subject of deviance through examples that are popular (fan violence, hockey enforcers, effect of the media), understudied (sport-related violence against animals, athletes as on-field victims of violence), or emerging (sport security, drugs and weight control, cybernetic athletes, extreme sports). This engaging presentation allows readers to fully understand the effects of sport deviance in society.

Deviance and Social Control in Sport explains how forms of wanted and unwanted rule violation are produced by and mediated through social contexts in and around sport. As such, it explores

-how deviance in sport is culturally constructed and ideologically framed in dynamic and interactive contexts;

-the pathways certain athletes follow in becoming deviant and how they learn to associate those behaviors with their core identities; and

-the social responses to deviant sporting behaviors, including the role of the media in disseminating images and messages about the behavior in question.

The text begins by presenting the theoretical background necessary for understanding deviance, followed by a look at deviance as an individual issue, how it is defined, and how authorities attempt to control it. The authors make the material accessible to readers by using case studies drawn from their own empirical research. The cases show how sociologists interpret and explain the actions of athletes as well as how deviance is layered by various levels of audience interpretation. Driven by a single theory or a range of integrated theoretical approaches, the case studies encourage readers to engage in differing perspectives about deviance in sport culture. The theories are further examined in each chapter through special elements called Theoretical Intersections, which highlight how the sociology of sport meets the sociology of deviance. Discussion questions and recommended readings synthesize the information and stimulate critical thinking and research to conclude each chapter.

By considering networks of social relationships and how they produce, define, and police rule violation and rule violators, Deviance and Social Control in Sportoffers a nuanced and integrated explanation of sport deviance that accounts for the behaviors and practices of both individuals and teams. This interdisciplinary text challenges readers to explore the dimensions and analytic merit of a full spectrum of crime and deviancy theories, thus stimulating a broader discussion of rule breaking in sport.

 

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Contents

Deviant Sport Conventions
1
The Normal and the Pathological in Sport
3
The Pathological as Normal
4
Sport Deviance as Tolerable
11
Sport Deviancy Theory and Sociological Research
21
Traditional Strands of Sport Deviancy Theory
25
How to Research Sport Deviance
38
Moving Backward and Forward With Theory
47
Narratives of Wounded Athletes
135
Meeting Wounded Athletes
138
Comeback Narratives
139
Transgression Narratives
143
Exit Narratives
148
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
152
Mediating Sport Deviance
161
Criminal Violence in Sport
163

PART Deviant Sport Communities
49
Youth Tribes in Sport
51
From Resistance Subcultures to Lifestyle Sports
52
Le Parkour
58
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
66
Animal Violence in Sport
75
Animal Sports and Social Justice
80
Greyhound Racing
82
Changing Climates for Animal Sports
90
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
91
Deviant Athletic Bodies
99
Body Pathologies in Sport
101
EPO in Professional Cycling
103
Slimming as SelfViolence
109
Technology and Disappearing Bodies
116
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
122
Illness Narratives and Sport
131
Rink Rage and Criminal Justice
166
Managing Hockey Deviance as a Total Institution
170
Ice Hockey and Ironies of Social Control
182
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
188
Terror and Security in Sport
197
Terrorism and the Olympic Games
199
Terrorism and the 2002 Salt Lake City Games
205
Security and Future Games
213
THEORETICAL INTERSECTIONS
217
Toward a Public Sociology of Sport Deviance
225
Victimological and PoliticalEconomic Perspectives
230
Social Development Through Youth Sport
232
Sport for Reducing Social Problems
235
References
239
Index
261
About the Authors
267
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Michael Atkinson, PhD, is a senior lecturer in the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at Loughborough University in Leicestershire, UK. He has served on the editorial boards of Sociology of Sport Journal and Deviant Behavior Journal. Atkinson is a member of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport and the International Society for the Sociology of Sport.

In 2004, Atkinson was awarded the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada's Aurora Award. He resides in Quorn.

Kevin Young, PhD, is a professor in the department of sociology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada. He has served on the editorial boards of several journals, including International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Sociology of Sport Journal, Soccer and Society, and Avante. Young has also served on the executive board of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport and as vice president of the International Sociology of Sport Association. Young is editor of the book series Research in the Sociology of Sport.

Young enjoys all sports, loves the outdoors, and is a passionate supporter of Liverpool Football Club. He resides in Calgary.

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