Devils and Angels: Youth Policy and Crime
Youth Justice is a key area of the current governments criminal justice policy in England and Wales. It has been the subject of an inordinate amount of recent legislation seeking to enhance the criminal courts powers to punish and prevent offending and re-offending by young people. This legislation attempts to prevent offending through criminal justice measures and there is little attempt to use non-criminal or civil law procedures to achieve the same result. This book seeks to challenge that focus and to question why delinquency in young people has been so firmly criminalized in this jurisdiction. The book addresses the consequences of criminalization in terms of the effectiveness of the measures used as well as the implications for the social construction of youth and childhood and our attitudes towards the young. Criminalization of young peoples behaviour results in them being labeled as criminal,losing identity as an individual, losing their childhood through the process of taking adult responsibility for their actions and, in policy terms, becoming viewed as a crime problem rather than as a product of failing social policy regarding employment, education and youth culture. At a society level it is contended that the identification of young people with criminal activity and the negative public image that results creates a culture of fear and distrust which may in turn create further possibilities for criminalization of their behaviour. A comparative perspective in this work examines welfare-based responses to youth crime in other European jurisdictions and questions whether the criminal justice process is an appropriate context in which to deal with young peoples problematic behaviour.This book has been shortlisted for the 2007 SLSA Book Prize.
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adult age of criminal anti-social behaviour anti-social behaviour order approach ASBO cautioning cent child Children Act 1989 Children and Young committed community sentences consultation paper Crime and Disorder criminal behaviour Criminal Justice Act criminal justice system criminal responsibility Criminology Crown Court cultural custodial sentences delinquent developed deviant discretion discussed Disorder Act 1998 diversion doli incapax England and Wales evidence Fionda further Ch HMSO Home Office Ibid intervention involved James Bulger justice process juvenile court labelling Labour legislation London magistrates minimum age offending behaviour parental responsibility PCC(S)A penal penalties perception policy makers political practice prevent prison procedure proceedings proposed prosecution protection punishment punitive referral order reparation reported restorative justice retributive Rutherford society statutory suggests Tackling Youth Crime truancy victim Whilst white paper young offenders youth court Youth Justice Board youth justice policy youth justice system Youth Offending Teams