Dialectic and Dialogue
This book considers the emergence of dialectic out of the spirit of dialogue and traces the relation between the two. It moves from Plato, for whom dialectic is necessary to destroy incorrect theses and attain thinkable being, to Cusanus, to modern philosophers Descartes, Kant, Hegel, Schleiermacher and Gadamer, for whom dialectic becomes the driving force behind the constitution of a rational philosophical system. Conceived as a logical enterprise, dialectic strives to liberate itself from dialogue, which it views as merely accidental and even disruptive of thought, in order to become a systematic or scientific method. The Cartesian autonomous and universal yet utterly monological and lonely subject requires dialectic alone to reason correctly, yet dialogue, despite its unfinalizable and interruptive nature, is what constitutes the human condition.
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Alcidamas Alcinous allosensus allows already aporetic argued argument Aristotle Aristotle’s becomes characters claim coincidence communication conclusion considered contradictory contrary correct definition dialectic and dialogue dialectical reasoning dialectician dialogical exchange dialogical speech Diogenes Laertius Dionysodorus discursive reasoning discussion distinction established Estragon Euthydemus expression G. W. F. Hegel genre Hegel Hence hermeneutics imitation insofar interaction interlocutors interpretation interruption Kant knowledge law of non-contradiction lectic live dialogue logical logos logue meaningful means modern monological mutually non-discursive one’s personal oneself opposites oracle oral dialogue oral speech other’s ousia Parmenides particular Phaedrus philosophical dialogue philosophy Plato Platonic dialogue Plotinus possible precise present preserve presupposes Prodicus Protagoras refutation rejoinder rhetoric Schleiermacher Socrates Sophists speak spontaneous syllogism systematic thesis Theuth thing thinking thought tion ultimately understanding unfinalizable unique universal method unwritten unwritten law voice whereas writing written dialogue written speech written text