Semiotics and Church Architecture: Applying the Semiotics of A.J. Greimas and the Paris School to the Analysis of Church Buildings
In recent decades semiotics has succeeded in establishing itself as a discipline with international recognition. As a discipline specifically devoted to the study of signs and sign systems, it is relevant to the discipline of theology, working as it does with verbal and non-verbal signs. Since 1976 Semanet, a Dutch study group, has applied Greimassian semiotics to linguistic theological statements. More recently, Gerard Lukken undertook the analysis of church buildings. It was at that stage that Mark Searle joint Semanet during a sabbatical leave. He applied the analytical method to a particular church: SS. Peter and Paul in Tilburg, which is of interest both as a representative modern church and as a particularly intruiging object for semiotic analysis. The book shows how Greimassian semiotic theory as it relates to architecture was developed into a usable method for analysing particular church buildings and then demonstrates how such an analysis might be conducted. The book contains numerous full color reproductions. Gerard Lukken (1933) is professor of liturgy and sacramental theology and director of the Liturgical Institute at the Theological Faculty of Tilburg. He studied at the Diocesan Seminary in Haaren, the Pontificia Universita Gregoriana in Rome, and the Institut Superieur de Liturgie in Paris. Mark Searle (1941-1992) was associated professor of pastoral liturgy at the Notre Dame University in Notre Dame (Indiana, USA). He studied at the Franciscan House of Studies in East Bergholt (United Kingdom), the Institut Superieur de Liturgie in Paris, the Liturgisches Institut in Trier and the Pontificio Ateneo di Sant'Antonio in Rome.
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Architecture and the Semiotics
The Semiotics of Church Architecture
APPLICATION MARK SEARLE
Appendix Some data of the Church of SS Peter and Paul Tilburg 136
A.J. Greimas actantial roles actors altar architect arrangement baptistry biome boundary chair collective actant colour competence congregational space conjoined conjunction contractual courtyard dagkapel deep level devotieruimte differentiate dimension discoursive level door eidetic enunciatee enunciation example expression figurativized FIGURE forecourt front Greimas Greimas/Courtés 1986 Hammad hexagon icons identify inchoative interior invested isotopy Japanese tea ceremony lectern light liturgy Lukken main church manipulate modal relationships modal values narrative programs nuclear semes object of value opposition orientation paratopic Paris School parking pastorie performance Peter and Paul phemes phonemes plane polemical poles priest proxemics reception area reception complex relation Renier ritual sacristies sanctuary seating semantic values sememes semiotic analysis semiotic square semiotics of architecture semiotics of space sémiotique sender signifier spatial aspectualization surface level thematic role Tilburg tion topical configuration topoi topological categories topos upper level value-object Vatican II visitor visual weekday chapel