Die Villa Lante in Bagnaia, Volume 1
Text in German. The Villa Lante in Bagnaia near Viterbo is outstanding among 16th-century Italian gardens. It is not particularly large, but it is the undisputed highlight of this epoch, the heyday of Italian horticulture, not just because it is outstandingly well maintained, but also because of its unique formal qualities and its extremely complex iconographic programme. The present monograph attempts to establish what triggers the intense sense of beauty with which visitors to the gardens are confronted. It is immediately clear that it is essential to analyse the form of the garden -- here the extremely precise treatment of central perspective as a device is of considerable interest -- but close attention has also to be paid to the significance of the individual elements and the connections between them. This examination brings an elaborate accumulation of various sign systems to light, which seem to have the astonishing characteristic of not being entirely reconcilable, indeed they appear to build in contradictions as a basic constant. From this develops a panorama of the late 16th century, presenting the tangled pathways of perception of the gardens in all their complex relations, from the various late Renaissance garden types, via philosophy, the response to antiquity, perception of nature, perspective, harmony, literature, theatre and religion, and on to models of time and the forms it takes. Against this background the garden of the Villa Lante, which belonged to the scholarly cardinal and inquisitor Francesco Gambara, proves to be a difficult -- and perhaps not entirely successful -- balancing act between Renaissance traditions and the thrust of the Counter-Reformation, but showing at the same time, as a kind of 'apotheosis of the artwork', a surprising affinity with the present day.
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Das Problem der Beschreibung
Die Deutung des Giardino allItaliana
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Achse ALESSANDRO FARNESE Anlage antiken Apoll Architekt Architektur Bagnaia barco Bedeutung beiden Betrachter Beziehung Bild Blick bloß BRAMANTES Brunnen Caprarola casina casina Gambara catena christlichen Cinquecento Darstellung Delphine delßni derfontana deutlich eben Elemente ersten FAGIOLO fontana dei lumini fontana del diluvio fonte Form FRANCESCO GAMBARA garden Garten Gartenkunst Gebäude Gegenreformation Gestalt giardino Goldenen Zeitalters Gott göttlichen GREGOR XIII großen Grotte Grundriß Heiligen Herkules himmlischen Hinweis Hypnerotomachia italienischen Jahr Jahrhundert Janus Kardinal Kultur Kunst Landschaft läßt LAZZARO lich literarischen logge delle muse Loggia Manieristen mensa del cardinale Menschen Metamorphosen Natur Naumachie neuplatonischen Nymphäums Ordnung OVID Palazzo Farnese Papst Paradieses Parnaß Parterre Parterrebrunnen Pegasus Peperin peperino Perspektive Philosophie Pratolino Programm Quadrat Raum räumlichen Renaissance römischen scheint schen schließlich SEBASTIANO SERLIO SERLIO Sinne Sirene tatsächlich Technik Teil Theater unsere Ursprung Verbindung vier VIGNOLA Villa d'Este Villa Giulia Villa Lante Wahrnehmung Wasser Welt Werk wohl zeigt Zusammenhang zwei