Diet, Life Expectancy, and Chronic Disease: Studies of Seventh-Day Adventists and Other Vegetarians

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, May 29, 2003 - Medical - 392 pages
Research into the role of diet in chronic disease can be difficult to interpret. Measurement errors in different studies often produce conflicting answers to the same questions. Seventh-day Adventists and other groups with many vegetarian members are ideal study populations because they have a wide range of dietary habits that adds power and clarity to research findings. This book analyzes the results of such studies, focusing on heart disease and cancer. These studies support the benefits of a vegetarian diet and in addition provide evidence about the effects of individual foods and food groups on disease risk that is relevant to all who are interested in good health. Fraser places the findings in athe broader context of well-designed nutritional studies of the general population. He discusses the degree of confidence we can have in particular relationships between diet and disease based on the strength of the evidence. While this is a scholarly book, it is written in clear English and contains an extensive glossary so that it should be accessible to a wide audience.
 

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Contents

1 Why We Study the Health of Adventists
1
2 Coronary Heart Disease Rates among Adventists and Others
21
3 Cancer Rates among Adventists and Others
33
4 The Longevity of Adventists as Compared with Others
45
5 Diet and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
59
6 Diet and the Risk of Cancer
85
7 Diet Other Risk Factors and Aging
109
8 Vegetarianism and Obesity Hypertension Diabetes and Arthritis
129
12 Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer among Vegetarians
203
13 Risk Factors and Disease among Vegans
231
A Behavioral View of the Adventist Experience
241
Practical Suggestions from a Nutritionist
249
16 The Challenge of Nutritional Epidemiology
265
Appendix
277
Glossary
293
References
315

9 Social Support Religiosity Other Psychological Factors and Health
149
10 Coronary Heart Disease Mortality among British German and Indian Vegetarians
177
11 Cancer and AllCause Mortality among British and German Vegetarians
193

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