Dietary Reference Intakes: Guiding Principles for Nutrition Labeling and Fortification
Committee on Use of Dietary Reference Intakes in Nutrition Labeling, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
National Academies Press, Apr 26, 2004 - Medical - 195 pages
Since 1997, the Institute of Medicine has issued a series of nutrient reference values that are collectively termed Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). The DRIs offer quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets. Using the information from these reports, this newest volume in the DRI series focuses on how the DRIs, and the science for each nutrient in the DRI reports, can be used to develop current and appropriate reference values for nutrition labeling and food fortification.
Focusing its analysis on the existing DRIs, the book examines the purpose of nutrition labeling, current labeling practices in the United States and Canada, food fortification practices and policies, and offers recommendations as a series of guiding principles to assist the regulatory agencies that oversee food labeling and fortification in the United States and Canada. The overarching goal of the information in this book is to provide updated nutrition labeling that consumers can use to compare products and make informed food choices. Diet-related chronic diseases are a leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States and Canada and helping customers make healthy food choices has never been more important.
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Reference Values and Nutrition Labeling in Canada
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absolute amounts adults adverse effects AMDR approach assessment calcium calories Canadian carbohydrate cholesterol consumers Daily Intakes Daily Values diet dietary intake Dietary Reference Intakes dietary supplements discretionary fortification DRI report energy Estimated Average Requirement fatty acids Fed Regist folate Food and Drug food and supplements food fortification food label food products fortified food FSIS gender groups guiding principles Health Canada health claims human milk individuals infants Intake Level UL lactation macronutrients median ment mg/d National Academy ND ND ND niacin NLEA nutrient intake nutrient requirements Nutrition Facts box nutrition labeling o-tocopherol pantothenic acid percent population population-weighted EAR pregnant protein Recommended Dietary Allowances Reference Daily Intakes reference values regulations retinol risk RNIs scientifically justified stage and gender tion Tolerable Upper Intake U.S. Department ug/d United Upper Intake Level Vitamin B12 vitamins and minerals