Direct Imaging of Exoplanets (IAU C200): Science and Techniques

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Cambridge University Press, May 25, 2006 - Science - 638 pages
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The direct detection and analysis of exoplanets, planets orbiting distant stars, is considered to be the next great frontier in astrophysics. This volume reports the communications of the first IAU conference devoted to the direct imaging of exoplanets. It focuses both on the presentation of science goals for the direct detection of terrestrial and giant exoplanets, and on the analysis of instrumentation and important techniques to achieve that goal. IAU C200 describes the latest theoretical developments in understanding the formation and evolution of planetary systems and presents state of the art instrumental concepts and data analysis methods. It also discusses trends in future ground-based and space instrumentation, including the current major international projects. This volume provides researchers and graduate students with a wealth of information on the current state of exoplanetary astrophysics and its future prospects.
 

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Contents

On the Age Spectral Type Orbit and Comparison to Evolutionary Models
11
direct imaging with
19
Modelling the Diversity of Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets Invited
25
Direct imaging search for substellar companions around neutron stars
35
GQ Lupi
41
goals for direct
47
A Survey of Close Young Stars with SDI at the VLT and MMT
53
a groundbased approach and preliminary observations
61
Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph Observatory Summary
335
Visible Nulling Coronagraphy for ExoPlanetary Detection and Characterization
345
Recent progress of visible light nulling interferometry and first 1 million null result
353
the 4QZOG and AGPM
361
Concepts and application to the Gemini Planet
367
The optical differentiation coronagraph
373
Accessing Small Inner Working Angles with a Rotating Snbaperture Nuller
379
The PhaseInduced Amplitude Coronagraph PIAA
385

Evolution of the Habitable Zone and Search for Life Around Giant Stars Part
65
MidIR direct imaging of superjupiters around nearby stars
71
Giant Transiting Planets Observations GITPO
79
Nearby Habitable Star Systems
89
Gravitational instability and the formation of giant planets by core accretion
99
Detectability of planetary rings around an extrasolar planet from reflectedlight
105
Simulating Extrasolar Planet Populations for Direct Imaging Surveys
111
Expectations for the Early TPFC Mission Invited
119
Looking for Life in the IR and Neighboring Spectral Regions Invited
129
Tracing Planets in Circumstellar Disks
139
What can we learn about giant planets from low resolution spectra?
145
Terrestrial Exoplanet Light Curves
153
Science case for VLTPlanet Finder
159
Search and investigation of extrasolar planets with polarimetry
165
Atmospheric signatures by transit of HD209458 with VLTUVES
171
Raman Scattering in the nonisothermal giant planet atmospheres
181
Polarimetric investigation of Uranus and Neptune
189
A Novel Mission Concept for Exoplanetary Studies
199
Instrumentations and Techniques
205
limits and advantages
213
an achievable spaceborne interferome
221
a Progress Report
227
The prospects of detecting exoplanets with the Groundbased European Nulling
233
Archaeology and direct imaging of exoplanets
247
Characteristics of proposed 3 and 4 telescope configurations for Darwin and TPFI
255
Lornmels integrals applied to a Fresnels diffraction effect
265
Classical versus Bayesian interferometric imaging of exoplanets
271
Progress in Testing Exoplaiiet Signal Detection
279
Experimental Progress in Deep and Broadband Infrared Nulling for TPFI
285
Extrasolar Planets with AMBERVLTI What can we expect from current
291
opportunities and challenges
297
an optimized groundbased precursor for DARWIN
305
Limiting magnitude for Dome C optical interferometers
313
Direct Explorations of Exoplanets with the Subaru Telescope and Beyond
323
Current status of the coronagraphic mode for the 3 5m SPICA space telescope
329
Implementation Aspects
393
Transit Astrometric Coronagraphic and Interferometric Exoplanet Studies
399
Design
405
Towards an Optimal Observation Strategy for Direct Detection Exoplanet Searches
411
Freestanding Notch Filter Image Masks for Coronagraphy
421
Combination of nulling interferometer nulling Coronagraph and modified pupil
427
Chromatic behavior of amplitude and phase compensators
435
The Effects of Instrumental Elliptical Polarization on Stellar Point Spread Function
441
nulling of polychromatic
451
Study of Coronagraphic Techniques
457
Cryogenic infrared optics for the SPICA coronagraph
467
two monoaxial configurations for the Achromatic Interfero
473
Shaped pupil coronagraphs for highcontrast imaging with SPICA
481
an overview of simula
489
AO Assisted NIR 3D Spectroscopic Imaging Can an ELT See the Earth at lOpc?
495
Groundbased direct imaging of extrasolar planets supported by AO
501
Exoplanets detection with OWL
507
High order Adaptive Optics Requirements and feasibility for high contrast imaging
513
Analysis of groundbased differential imager performance
519
Calibration of Residual Speckle Pattern in a Coronagraph
525
Speckle nulling with spacebased coronagraphs
535
The peakaboo
541
Maximum a posteriori planet detection and characterization with a nulling inter
547
a new tool for planet detection
553
performance limits
559
Data processing for high dynamic imagery
565
Suppressing Speckle Noise for Simultaneous Differential Extrasolar Planet Imaging
571
Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph Instrument Design
577
fundamental
587
Utilising radial
593
Understanding the AEOS Adaptive Optics PSF
603
HighOrder BandLimited Coronagraphs in Adaptive Optics Systems
617
Author Index
633
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