Discourse Structure and Anaphora: Written and Conversational English

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 11, 1993 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 173 pages
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Barbara Fox's thoughtful study examines the use of anaphora in both written and spoken discourse. Any treatment of anaphora must consider the hierarchical of its source texts-type. Texts may be produced and heard or read linearly, but they are designed and understood hierarchically. Discourse Structure and Anaphora goes beyond the information processing concerns of cognitive science to assess the critical role played in all text-types by social, interactional and affective factors. It also considers the fact that texts are organised by socially accepted conventions. Using conversation analysis and rhetorical structure analysis, this book looks at the distribution of pronouns and full noun phrases in three different genres of English, taking data from naturally occurring face-to-face and telephone conversations, small newspaper and magazine articles and a psychoanalytic biography.
 

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Contents

Conversational analysis
6
22 The turntaking system
10
23 The structural organization of conversation
12
24 Conclusion
14
Anaphora in conversational English
16
32 The data
17
33 The basic pattern of anaphora
18
34 Anaphora in the environment of differentgender referents
45
54 Anaphora in the environment of differentgender referents
118
55 Anaphora in the environment of samegender referents
123
56 Nonstructural factors
132
57 Summary
135
Anaphora in expository written and conversational English
137
63 The basic patterns
139
64 Demarcating structural units
143
65 Differentgender referents and anaphora
144

35 Anaphora in the environment of samegender referents
48
36 Nonstructural factors in anaphora
62
37 Summary
75
Rhetorical structure analysis
77
41 Rhetorical structure concepts
78
42 Validity in the analyses
91
43 Summary
92
Anaphora in expository written English texts
93
52 Anaphora in some expository written English texts
94
53 Rhetorical structure breaks and anaphora
111
66 Samegender referents and anaphora
147
67 Nonstructural factors in anaphora
148
Conclusions
152
72 Discourse structure
154
73 Conclusion
155
Notes
156
References
164
Author index
169
Subject index
171
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