Discourse and Literature: The Interplay of Form and Mind

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Oxford University Press, 1994 - Literary Collections - 285 pages
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Acknowledgements


Introduction


PART ONE


1. A basis for analysis: schema theory, its general principles, history and terminology


Introduction


Schema theory: general principles


Examples demonstrating schemata in discourse processing


Evidence for schemata


World schemata and text schemata


The origins of schema theory


Bartlett's Remembering


The eclipse of schema theory


The revival of schema theory


The terminology of schema theory


Notes


2. A first bearing: discourse analysis and its limitations


Introduction


'Text', 'context', and 'discourse'


Acceptability above the sentence


Cohesion


The omission fallacy


Meaning as encoding/decoding versus meaning as construction


Pragmatic approaches and their capacity to characterize 'literariness'


Macro-functions


Discourse structure


Discourse as process (and literature as conversation)


Discourse as dialogue


The 'post-scientific' approach


Conclusion


Notes


3. A second bearing: AI text theory and its limitations


Introduction


The computational and brain paradigms of language


The constructivist principle


One system of conceptual construction: conceptual dependency theory (CD)


Problems for conceptual constructions


A complex AI schema theory


Conclusion


Notes


4. Testing the AI approach. Two analyses: a 'literary' and a 'non-literary' text


Introduction


Text One: the opening of 'Crime and Punishment' (translation)


Text Two: 'Every cloud has a Silver Lining' (advertisement)


Conclusions from analyses


Notes


5. A third bearing: literary theories from formalism to stylistics


Introduction


The rise of 'modern literary theory'


Theories of pattern and deviation


The formalist theory of defamiliarization


Patterns in discourse: structures and structuralism


Roman Jakobson's poetics


Conclusion


Notes


6. Incorporating the reader: two analyses combining stylistics and schema theory


Introduction


Text Three: 'Elizabeth Taylor's Passion' (advertisement)


Text Four: 'First World War Poets' (poem)


Incorporating the reader


Notes


PART TWO


7. Theory of discourse deviation: schema refreshment and cognitive change


Introduction: the argument so far


The need for schema change


Prelude to the theory: earlier accounts of schema change


A theory of literary discourse: schema refreshment and cognitive change


A theory of literary discourse: discourse deviation


Defamiliarization revisited


Notes


8. Application of the theory: discourse deviation in three literary texts


Introduction


Text Five: 'The Tyger'


Text Six: 'The Turn of the Screw'


Text Seven: 'The Windhover'


Conclusion


Notes


9. What the theory means for literature teaching


Appendix A: Grammatical notation: symbols and abbreviations


Appendix B: Conceptual dependency (CD) and semantics


Bibliography


Index


Acknowledgements


Introduction


PART ONE


1. A basis for analysis: schema theory, its general principles, history and terminology


Introduction


Schema theory: general principles


Examples demonstrating schemata in discourse processing


Evidence for schemata

From inside the book

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Contents

schema theory its general principles
9
discourse analysis and its limitations
23
AI text theory and its limitations
59
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