Discovering Complexity: Decomposition and Localization as Strategies in Scientific Research

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MIT Press, 2010 - Science - 286 pages
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In Discovering Complexity, William Bechtel and Robert Richardson examine two heuristics that guided the development of mechanistic models in the life sciences: decomposition and localization. Drawing on historical cases from disciplines including cell biology, cognitive neuroscience, and genetics, they identify a number of "choice points" that life scientists confront in developing mechanistic explanations and show how different choices result in divergent explanatory models. Describing decomposition as the attempt to differentiate functional and structural components of a system and localization as the assignment of responsibility for specific functions to specific structures, Bechtel and Richardson examine the usefulness of these heuristics as well as their fallibility -- the sometimes false assumption underlying them that nature is significantly decomposable and hierarchically organized.

When Discovering Complexity was originally published in 1993, few philosophers of science perceived the centrality of seeking mechanisms to explain phenomena in biology, relying instead on the model of nomological explanation advanced by the logical positivists (a model Bechtel and Richardson found to be utterly inapplicable to the examples from the life sciences in their study). Since then, mechanism and mechanistic explanation have become widely discussed. In a substantive new introduction to this MIT Press edition of their book, Bechtel and Richardson examine both philosophical and scientific developments in research on mechanistic models since 1993.

 

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Contents

Preface to the MIT Press Edition
xi
Preface to the Original Edition
xiii
Introduction
xvii
Part I Scientific Discovery and Rationality
1
Part II Emerging Mechanisms
33
Part III Elaborating Mechanisms
117
Part IV Emergent Mechanism
197
Notes
245
References
257
Index
281
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About the author (2010)

William Bechtel is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience and other books. Robert C. Richardson is Charles Phelps Taft Professor of Philosophy and a University Distinguished Research Professor at the University of Cincinnati. He is the author of Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology (MIT Press, 2007). Both are Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

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