Discovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context

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Oxford University Press, Jan 10, 1991 - Social Science - 443 pages
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This groundbreaking study looks beyond biblical texts, which have had a powerful influence over our views of women's roles and worth, in order to reconstruct the typical everyday lives of women in ancient Israel. Meyers argues that biblical sources alone do not give a true picture of ancient Israelite women because urban elite males wrote the vast majority of the scriptural texts and the stories of women in the Bible concern exceptional individuals rather than ordinary Israelite women. Analyzing the biblical material in light of recent archaeological discoveries about rural village life in ancient Palestine, Meyers depicts Israelite women not as submissive chattel in an oppressive patriarchy, but rather as strong and significant actors within their families and society.
 

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Contents

Understanding the Task
3
2 The Problem of Patriarchy
24
The Highland Environment of Ancient Israel
47
Genesis 23
72
Genesis 316
95
The Family Household
122
7 Household Functions and Female Roles
139
8 Reconstructing Gender Relationships
165
The Monarchy and Beyond
189
Notes
197
Bibliography
211
Index of Scriptural References
229
General Index
233
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About the author (1991)

Carol Meyers is Professor of Religion at Duke University.

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