Discovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context
This groundbreaking study looks beyond biblical texts, which have had a powerful influence over our views of women's roles and worth, in order to reconstruct the typical everyday lives of women in ancient Israel. Meyers argues that biblical sources alone do not give a true picture of ancient Israelite women because urban elite males wrote the vast majority of the scriptural texts and the stories of women in the Bible concern exceptional individuals rather than ordinary Israelite women. Analyzing the biblical material in light of recent archaeological discoveries about rural village life in ancient Palestine, Meyers depicts Israelite women not as submissive chattel in an oppressive patriarchy, but rather as strong and significant actors within their families and society.
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2 The Problem of Patriarchy
The Highland Environment of Ancient Israel
The Family Household
7 Household Functions and Female Roles
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activities agrarian agricultural analysis ancient Israel androcentric appear archaeology aspects behavior biblical studies biblical texts Bronze Age Canaanite century Chapter childbirth complex concept context cultic cultural deal discussion domestic dynamics early Israel economic example existence exogamy family household feminist function gender Genesis 2–3 God’s Hebrew Bible hendiadys hierarchical highland highland villages hill country household unit human Ibid identified individual involved Iron Age Israelite society Israelite women labor land language literature lives male and female male dominance marriage materials matrilocality meaning monarchy narrative needs noun oracle pain Palestine Palestinian passage patriarchy patrilineal patterns Pentateuch plague political population premonarchic period probably productive relationship religion religious role sexual situation social organization social scientific Song of Songs status story structure subsistence suggest tasks teraphim term terraces tion tive traditional translation tribal urban verb village wisdom woman word Yahweh