Discovering the Brain
National Academies Press, Jan 15, 1992 - Medical - 173 pages
The brain ...
There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate?
The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public.
The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research.
Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines
Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience.
This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."
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1 The Promise of Neuroscience
2 Major Structures and Functions of the Brain
3 Glimpses of the Living Brain
4 The Role of the Brain in Mental Illness
5 From Chemistry to Circuitry
6 The Development and Shaping of the Brain
7 From Perception to Attention
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ability activity Alzheimer's disease animal appears associated axons behavior biological brainstem calcium cell body cell-adhesion cellular cerebellum cerebral cortex Chapter chemical circuitry clinical cognitive complex compound connections cyclic AMP David Hubel Decade dementia dendrites dopamine drugs effect electrical example factors field function genetic hemisphere hippocampus hormone human brain hypothalamus imaging inhibit investigation ions known laboratory layer learning limbic system long-term memory Marcus Raichle Medical Mental Health mental representations molecular molecules monkey motor neuron movement muscle National Institute nerve cells nerve impulses nervous system neural neuroscience neurotransmitter nitric oxide norepinephrine occipital occipital lobe panic disorder parietal lobe particular pathway patients pattern perception PET scans physical prefrontal cortex protein receptor sites region response role schizophrenia scientific scientists second messenger sensory neuron serotonin signals specific spinal cord stage stimulation structure synapses target task technique thalamus transmitted ventricles visual cortex visual system