Disease in the History of Modern Latin America: From Malaria to AIDS

Front Cover
Diego Armus
Duke University Press, Mar 26, 2003 - History - 326 pages
Challenging traditional approaches to medical history, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America advances understandings of disease as a social and cultural construction in Latin America. This innovative collection provides a vivid look at the latest research in the cultural history of medicine through insightful essays about how disease—whether it be cholera or aids, leprosy or mental illness—was experienced and managed in different Latin American countries and regions, at different times from the late nineteenth century to the present.

Based on the idea that the meanings of sickness—and health—are contestable and subject to controversy, Disease in the History of Modern Latin America displays the richness of an interdisciplinary approach to social and cultural history. Examining diseases in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia, the contributors explore the production of scientific knowledge, literary metaphors for illness, domestic public health efforts, and initiatives shaped by the agendas of international agencies. They also analyze the connections between ideas of sexuality, disease, nation, and modernity; the instrumental role of certain illnesses in state-building processes; welfare efforts sponsored by the state and led by the medical professions; and the boundaries between individual and state responsibilities regarding sickness and health. Diego Armus’s introduction contextualizes the essays within the history of medicine, the history of public health, and the sociocultural history of disease.

Contributors.
Diego Armus, Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Kathleen Elaine Bliss, Ann S. Blum, Marilia Coutinho, Marcus Cueto, Patrick Larvie, Gabriela Nouzeilles, Diana Obregón, Nancy Lays Stepan, Ann Zulawski

 

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Contents

Disease in the Historiography of Modern Latin America
1
Malaria Control in the Brazilian Amazon
25
Hysteria Discipline and Languages of the Body
51
The Case of Chagas Disease
76
Tango Gender and Tuberculosis in Buenos Aires 19001940
101
The State Physicians and Leprosy in Modern Colombia
130
The Rockefeller Foundations Hookworm Campaign in 1920s Mexico
158
State and Popular Perspectives of Syphilis Infection in Revolutionary Mexico
183
Hospitalism and Child Welfare in Mexico City 19201940
209
The Manicomio Pacheco 19351950
237
Cholera in Peru 1991
268
AIDS and the New Brazilian Sexuality
290
Contributors
315
Index
317
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Diego Armus is Assistant Professor of Latin American History at Swarthmore College.

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