Disjunctivism: Contemporary Readings

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Alex Byrne, Heather Logue
MIT Press, 2009 - Philosophy - 334 pages
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Classic texts that define the disjunctivist theory of perception.

A central debate in contemporary philosophy of perception concerns the disjunctive theory of perceptual experience. Until the 1960s, philosophers of perception generally assumed that a veridical perception (a perceptual experience that presents the world as it really is) and a subjectively similar hallucination must have significant mental commonalities. Disjunctivists challenge this assumption, contending that the veridical perception and the corresponding hallucination share no mental core. Suppose that while you are looking at a lemon, God suddenly removes it, while keeping your brain activity constant. Although you notice no change, disjunctivists argue that the preremoval and postremoval experiences are radically different. Disjunctivism has gained prominent supporters in recent years, as well as attracting much criticism. This reader collects for the first time in one volume classic texts that define and react to disjunctivism. These include an excerpt from a book by the late J. M. Hinton, who was the first to propose an explicitly disjunctivist position, and papers stating a number of important objections.

Contributors: Alex Byrne, Jonathan Dancy, J. M. Hinton, Mark Johnston, Harold Langsam, Heather Logue, M. G. F. Martin, John McDowell, Alan Millar, Howard Robinson, A. D. Smith, Paul Snowdon

 

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Contents

1 Visual Experiences
1
2 Selections from Experiences
13
3 Perception Vision and Causation
33
4 The Objects of Perceptual Experience
49
5 Selections from Criteria Defeasibility and Knowledge
75
6 The Reality of Appearances
91
7 Arguments from Illusion
117
8 The Idea of Experience
137
10 Selections from The Problem of Perception
167
11 The Theory of Appearing Defended
181
12 The Obscure Object of Hallucination
207
13 The Limits of SelfAwareness
271
Bibliography
319
Contributors
327
Index
329
Copyright

9 Selections from Perception
153

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About the author (2009)

Alex Byrne is a Professor of Philosophy at MIT and the coeditor of Fact and Value: Essays on Ethics and Metaphysics for Judith Jarvis Thomson (2001) and Readings on Color, volumes 1 and 2 (1997), all published by the MIT Press.

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