Distance Education: Definition and Glossary of Terms

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IAP, 2006 - Education - 160 pages
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Distance Education has become a major topic of interest in the field of educational communications and technology. In response to this interest, the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) published the first edition of Distance Education: Definition and Glossary of Terms in 2002. The second edition of this monograph was begun in 2005. While the definition of distance education was changed only slightly, the glossary of terms was updated significantly under the supervision of Joann Flick and members of AECT's Division of Distance Learning. The definition of distance education and much of the supporting narrative offered in this edition of Distance Education: Definition and Glossary of Terms is based on Teaching and Learning at a Distance: Foundations of Distance Education, 3rd. edition (2006). This information is used with permission.
 

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Contents

Defining Distance Education
1
Emerging Definitions
5
A Brief History of Distance Education
6
Electronic Communications
8
Distance Teaching Universities
10
Theory and Distance Education
11
Theory of Independent StudyCharles Wedemeyer
14
Theory of Independent StudyMichael Moore
15
Theory of Interaction and CommunicationBorje Holmberg
20
AndragogyMalcolm Knowles
22
A Synthesis of TheoriesHilary Perraton
23
An American Theory of Distance Education
25
A Theoretical Framework for Distance EducationDesmond Keegan
26
Summary
28
Glossary of Terms
31
References
159

Theory of Industrialization of TeachingOtto Peters
16

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Page 5 - Distance education is a form of education characterized by: • the quasi-permanent separation of teacher and learner throughout the length of the learning process (this distinguishes it from conventional face-to-face education); • the influence of an educational organization both in the planning and preparation of...
Page 7 - The day is coming when the work done by correspondence will be greater in amount than that done in the class-rooms of our academies and colleges...
Page 5 - ... the use of technical media - print, audio, video or computer - to unite teacher and learner and carry the content of the course; • the provision of two-way communication so that the student may benefit from or even initiate dialogue...
Page 4 - Distance education" is a fairly new term. It has been best denned by Holmberg [ 1 ] as covering ". . . the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous, immediate supervision of teachers present with their students in classrooms or on the same premises but which nevertheless benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organisation".
Page 7 - ... influence the system will be more fully developed, and rendered capable of accomplishing still greater good. I venture, in closing this very brief and imperfect presentation, to make two statements; one an assertion based on large experience, the other a prediction based on strong conviction: 1. The student who has prepared a certain number of lessons in the correspondence school knows more of the subject treated in those lessons, and knows it better, than the student who has covered the same...
Page 4 - Distance teaching may be defined as the family of instructional methods in which the teaching behaviours are executed apart from the learning behaviours, including those that in a contiguous situation would be performed in the learner's presence, so that communication between the teacher and the learner must be facilitated by print, electronic, mechanical or other devices".
Page 3 - Distance teaching has been defined as 'an educational process in which a significant proportion of the teaching is conducted by someone removed in space and/or time from the learner ' . (7) The great strength of distance teaching is that it provides a means of teaching people wherever they are.

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