Documentary History of Reconstruction: Political, Military, Social, Religious, Educational & Industrial, 1865 to the Present Time, Volume 1

Front Cover
Walter Lynwood Fleming
A.H. Clark Company, 1906 - Race discrimination
Narrative of Bering's second expedition, 1733-1743, by an expedition member.
 

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Contents

Section 13 Some troubles and disappointments of freedom
89
Consideration of negro suffrage
95
Introduction The Editor
105
165
107
The Souths reception of the policy of Con gress
112
Johnsons opinions o ries
116
Southern views on Reconstruction
127
Unionist plans
134
Charles Sumners State suicide theory
144
Various plans and suggestions
154
RESTORATION BY THE PRESIDENT
161
Introduction The Editor
163
References
165
The Presidents plan in operation 167 1 An early attempt at restoration
167
2 Southern state governments not recognized 3 Johnsons proclamation of amnesty
168
4 Appointment of a provisional governor
171
5 Forming a Johnson state government
174
6 President Johnson on negro suffrage 7 A debate on the abolition of slavery
177
8 Abolition in North Carolina
179
9 The ordinance of secession null and void
180
10 Repudiation of the federate debt 11 Organizing a new vernment
181
12 Laws in force at 13 Slavery and suf new constitution 14 The Thirteenth
185
15 Stantons opinie sons policy in 1866
186
The provisional governments in the South
189
2 The effeots of the Test Oath 3 The iron clad Test Oath
191
4 The Alabama legislature on the state of the Union
192
5 The legal end of the
193
6 A Southern opinion of the Johnson governments
195
Opposition of Congress 197 1 Congress rejects the Presidents work 2 Civil Rights Act of 1866
197
3 The restoration of Tennessee
202
Military government 18651866
203
1 Secretary Seward on the questions at issue 2 Platform of National Union Party
213
3 Cleveland Convention platform
215
4 Pittsburg Convention resolutions
216
5 President Johnsons Cleveland speech
218
Politics in the South 1866
228
2 The Louisiana Democratic platform
229
3 Radical politics in Virginia
230
4 Speeches of a Radical agitator
231
5 A negro politician in Florida
232
Rejection of the Fourteenth Amendment
234
2 The Fourteenth Amendment rejected in Florida 3 Arkansas rejects the Fourteenth Amendment
236
4 The President opposes the Fourteenth Amendment
237
5 A Southern proposal for a Fourteenth Amendment 213
238
BLACK Codes
241
Introduction The Editor
243
References
246
Discussion of race and labor problems
247
2 The negro problemi in Mississippi 3 Reasons for admitting negro testimony
254
4 Labor problems in Florida
255
5 The duty of the whites to the negroes
257
6 Negro testimony in North Carolina
259
7 The labor situation in Alabama
266
8 Rights of the negro in Virginia
267
9 The negro under the provisional government
269
10 A negros view of the Black Laws
271
Laws relating to freedmen
273
2 Intermarriage between the races forbidden Alabama 3 Civil rights of negroes in Arkansas
274
4 Negro testimony in Alabama courts 5 Labor contracts in Florida
275
6 Schools for freedmen in Florida
277
7 Regulations for freedmen in Louisiana
279
8 A Mississippi Jim Crow
281
9 Mississippi apprentice
282
10 Mississippi vagrant
283
11 Civil Rights of freedmen in Mississippi
286
12 Certain offenses of freedmen Mississippi
289
13 North Carolina Black Code
290
14 The domestic relations of negroes pauperism and vagrancy South Carolina
294
15 Persons of color in Tennessee
310
16 The negro in the new constitutions
311
The FreedMens BUREAU
313
10 Jealousy of the army
344
11 The fate of the Old Time Southerner
345
12 Dislike of the Bureau in Kentucky
346
13 Bureau courts in Georgia
347
14 Failure of the colonization plan
348
Forty acres and a mule 1 Shermans confiscations
350
2 The policy of the Bureau in regard to confiscation
352
3 Freedmen expect lands
353
4 Confiscations in South Carolina
354
5 Some results of Shermans order
356
6 Land certificates in Florida
358
7 Painted pegs from Washington
359
8 Sales of striped pegs
360
Estimates and opinions of the Bureaus work 1 Carl Schurz defends the Bureau 2 Dissatisfaction about wage regulation
361
3 The necessity for the Bureau
362
4 The Bureau and the negro troops
363
5 A Northern mans opinion
364
6 Views of John Minor Botts 7 Productive only of mischief
365
8 Criticism of the Bureau not disloyalty
366
9 The Bureau demoralized labor 10 Wade Hamptons opinion of the Bureau
367
11 Influence in labor and politics
369
12 The Bureau as a political machine
370
13 Political activities of Bureau officials
371
14 The workings of the Bureau
373
15 Success of the Bureau
375
16 A negros description of the Bureau
376
17 Charges against General Howard
379
The Freedmens Bank 1 Aot incorporating the Freedmens Bank
382
2 In successful operation
383
3 Information and instruction
384
4 Statistics of savings
385
5 Frederick Douglass and the Freedmens Bank
386
6 Investigation of the Bank
389
7 Experience of a depositor
393
Introduction The Editor References
399
Congress begins reconstruction 1 First Reconstruction
401
2 The command of the army
403
3 Tenure of Office
404
4 Supplementary Reconstruction act 397
407
1 Whites promise cooperation
420
2 Justice to the blacks 3 A negros speech
421
Beginning of opposition
422
5 Opposition of the whites in Arkansas
423
6 Virtue and intelligence under foot
424
7 A Southern Radical platform
426
The use of the army in reconstruction 1 The army takes control
428
2 Status of state officials
429
3 Registrars and registration districts
430
4 Enrolling the new electorate
431
5 Persons disfranchised
433
6 Interference with the civil government
435
7 Regulation of local government
437
8 Military police and courts
439
9 General Grant versus the attorney general
440
10 Freedom of the press limited 11 Forcing patriotism
441
12 General Sheridan in New Orleans
442
13 Military misrule in Alabama
443
14 Military justice
444
15 Completion of military reconstruction
447
16 Military districts discontinued
448
In the Black and Tan Conventions
449
2 Correcting the vocabulary of South Carolina 3 Lands for the freedmen
450
4 Disfranchising exConfederates in Alabama
452
Opposition to the new constitutions 454 1 The new constitutions
454
2 Objections to the new constitution of South Carolina
455
Impeachment of the President 1 Articles of impeachment
458
Fourteenth Amendment
476
3 The Fourteenth Amendment
478
Reconstruction the issue in the campaign of 1868 1 The Republican platform on Reconstruction
480
2 The Democratic platform on Reconstruction
481
3 Views of F P Blair 458
483

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Page 192 - I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, so help me God...
Page 197 - That all persons born in the United States and not subject to any foreign power, excluding Indians not taxed, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States...
Page 402 - States in all respects, framed by a convention of delegates elected by the male citizens of said State, twenty-one years old and upward, of whatever race, color, or previous condition, who have been resident in said State for one year previous to the day of such election, except such as may be disfranchised for participation in the rebellion, or for felony at common law...
Page 169 - I, , do solemnly swear, in presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of the States thereunder...
Page 198 - States to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence, to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold and convey real and personal property, and to full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains and penalties, and to none other, any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding.
Page 118 - States, but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution, and to preserve the Union with all the dignity, equality, and rights of the several States unimpaired; and that as soon as these objects are accomplished the war ought to cease.
Page 404 - That every person holding any civil office to which he has been appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and every person who shall hereafter be appointed to any such office, and shall become duly qualified to act therein, is, and shall be, entitled to hold such office until a successor shall have been in like manner appointed and duly qualified, except as herein otherwise provided...
Page 110 - The persons excepted from the benefits of the foregoing provisions are all who are or shall have been civil or diplomatic officers or agents of the so-called Confederate Government; all who have left judicial stations under the United States to aid the rebellion; all who are or shall have been military or naval officers of said...
Page 180 - Carolina, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, that the ordinance adopted by us in convention on the 23d day of May, in the year of our Lord 1788, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America...
Page 115 - What has been said of Louisiana will apply generally to other States. And yet so great peculiarities pertain to each State, and such important and sudden changes occur in the same State, and withal so new and unprecedented is the whole case that no exclusive and inflexible plan can safely be prescribed as to details and collaterals. Such exclusive and inflexible plan would surely become a new entanglement. Important principles may and must be inflexible. In the present situation...

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